Maria Ressa (L) and Dmitry Muratov pose with the Nobel Peace Prize diploma and medal during the gala award ceremony in Oslo on Friday. AFP
Maria Ressa of the Philippines and fellow laureate Dmitry Muratov of Russia gave their Nobel lectures at Oslo City Hall. The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded them the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize for their separate fights for freedom of expression in countries where reporters have faced persistent attacks, harassment and killings.
"Yes, we growl and bite. Yes, we have sharp teeth and strong grip,” Muratov said of journalists. "But we are the prerequisite for progress. We are the antidote against tyranny.”
Muratov also used his speech to give a dire warning about the potential for a war between Russia and Ukraine. A massive Russian troop buildup near Ukraine's border has led to Western diplomatic efforts to prevent an invasion, which the Kremlin has denied it is planning.
"In (the) heads of some crazy geopoliticians, a war between Russia and Ukraine is not something impossible any longer. But I know that wars end with identifying soldiers and exchanging prisoners," Muratov said.
Ressa, 58, co-founded Rappler, a news website critical of the Philippine government, in 2012. Muratov, 59, was one of the founders in 1993 of the independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta.
Ressa, the first person from the Philippines to win the Nobel Peace Prize, offered a bleak assessment of the journalism industry, saying "the era of competition for news is dead.”
Maria Ressa takes a selfie with the Nobel Committee and co-prize winner Dimitrij Muratov after a press conference. AFP
"We need to help independent journalism survive, first by giving greater protection to journalists and standing up against states which target journalists,” she told the audience of 200 people, including Norwegian royals and officials who sat with a meter (3 feet) separating them for the pandemic-curtailed ceremony. Normally the Oslo event is attended by 1,000 people.
Ressa, who was visibly moved, couldn’t resist taking a selfie with Muratov inside the Oslo City Hall before the arrival of the Norwegian royals.
Together with the medals featuring the effigy of the prizes founder Alfred Nobel and diploma, came 10 million kronor ($1.1 million) to be shared between them.
Norwegian Nobel Committee chairwoman Berit Reiss-Andersen said free speech and information are "a basic prerequisite for democracy itself.” The laureates "are participants in a war where the written word is their weapon, where truth is their goal and every exposure of misuse of power is a victory."
Muratov said that in Russia, journalism "is going through a dark valley” with many reporters and human rights activists being branded as "foreign agents.”
"Many of our colleagues have lost their jobs. Some have to leave the country. Some are deprived of the opportunity to live a normal life for an unknown period of time. Maybe forever…”
Muratov ended his lecture by asking the assembly to honor reporters "who have given their lives for this profession, with a minute of silence. I want journalists to die old.”
On Thursday, the Brussels-based International Federation of Journalists said that imprisonments of media workers are on the rise, with 365 journalists behind bars compared with 235 last year. Nine journalists have been killed in the line of duty in Afghanistan alone and 102 imprisoned in China.
Russia still has 12 journalists behind bars, and three reporters were killed in the Philippines, it said.
David Beasley, head of the World Food Program that won the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize, also gave a lecture in Oslo and called on world leaders "to assert your power and stop all of these horrible wars.” Beasley was given the award last year at a ceremony in Rome, due to the pandemic.
He said that the combination of conflict, climate and COVID "has created an unprecedented perfect storm,” adding "45 million in 43 countries are knocking on famine’s door- and it is within our power to save them.”
Ajay Lalwani, 31, a reporter for a local television station and an Urdu language newspaper, was shot multiple times while having his hair cut at a barber shop on Thursday, said Ashiq Mirani, the area police chief.
The Catholic leader of the moderate Social Democratic and Labour Party, Hume was regarded by many as the principal architect behind the peace agreement.
According to a police statement, a man named Nawabzada Mehrab Gichki took Shaheena Baloch’s body to the Teaching Hospital, Turbat, in a car but fled soon afterwards. By that time, the woman had died from bullet wounds.
During the meeting, which took place in Qasr Al Bahr, President Sheikh Mohamed welcomed the Emirati diplomats and highlighted the critical role they play in showcasing the UAE and its values abroad.
The UAE nationals sustained moderate injuries after the earthquake struck southern Turkey. The Ministry urges all citizens in the countries affected by the earthquake to take precautions.
Court rejected a lawsuit filed by a woman against her ex-husband, in which she demanded that he be obligated to pay her Dhs205,000, claiming that he had borrowed it from her for the purpose of investment but he refused to repay it.