Todd Murphy (L) appeals unsuccessfully for the wicket of Ravindra Jadeja during the second day of the first Test match in Nagpur, India, on Friday. AP
India were 321-7 at stumps with all-rounder Ravindra Jadeja proving his worth for the second straight day of his international return with an unbeaten 66.
The 22-year-old Murphy took regular wickets with his off-spin in his attempt to check India's surge but Jadeja kept up the charge following Rohit's dismissal soon after tea.
Jadeja was batting alongside fellow left-hander Axar Patel, who hit 52, as the pair put on an unbeaten stand of 81 for the eighth wicket.
Ravindra Jadeja plays a shot during the second day of the first Test match in Nagpur. AP
Rohit led from the front with his ninth Test century to extend India's dominance after they dismissed Australia for 177 on day one of the four-Test series.
"It wasn't easy, he was made to work really hard and he showed a lot of good temperament," India's batting coach Vikram Rathour told reporters. "Rohit adapts really well and he is somebody who can change his game."
The captain defied the spinners to reach his hundred with a boundary off Murphy in the second session. He put on a key 61-run sixth-wicket stand with Jadeja, who stood firm after Rohit's departure to register a fifty after his five wickets in the Australian innings.
Todd Murphy celebrates with teammates the dismissal of Virat Kohli in Nagpur. AP
Jadeja, who has three Test hundreds, did his trademark sword swish with the bat to mark his 18th half-century in the five-day format.
'Tried to embrace it'
Murphy stood out for the tourists with remarkable control to knock off Indian stalwarts including Virat Kohli, caught behind for 12.
"I think there's definitely nerves but there's also excitement about just being out there... and bowl to these sort of guys, some of the best players in the world," Murphy told reporters.
"Thankfully, today there's a few rewards, I didn't get too overawed by it and just tried to embrace it."
Murphy, who claimed KL Rahul as his first Test wicket on Thursday, trapped Ravichandran Ashwin lbw and got Cheteshwar Pujara caught at short fine leg in the first session.
Senior Australia spinner Nathan Lyon spoiled Twenty20 sensation Suryakumar Yadav's Test debut after he bowled the batsman on eight to put India in a spot at 168-5. But Rohit, who started the day on his overnight 56 and smashed Pat Cummins and Lyon for a six each, and Jadeja soon swung back the momentum with a mix of caution and aggression.
Cummins took the second new ball after tea to send back Rohit bowled, one ball after he was dropped by Steve Smith at second slip.
Murphy soon bagged his fifth as he trapped fellow debutant Srikar Bharat lbw — a decision that was given not out by the umpire but successfully reviewed by Australia.
Ravindra Jadeja celebrates his fifth wicket, after the dismissal of Peter Handscomb (not pictured). AFP
Jadeja, who returned from a knee injury with a 5-47 on Thursday, soldiered on with Patel as they frustrated the opposition attack in the final hour of play. Axar smashed eight boundaries en route to his second Test fifty.
Washington Sundar and Shardul Thakur, in just his second Test, put on 123 runs for the seventh wicket — a record for India at the Gabba — taking their team from a precarious 186 for seven to 309 before Thakur was bowled by Pat Cummins for an entertaining 67.
Pucovski rode his luck for his 62 but his partnership of 100 with Marnus Labuschagne 67 not out for the second wicket established a solid platform for the hosts.
India won their fourth series in a row against Australia after a fourth and final Test lit up by an epic 186 by Virat Kohli ended in a draw on Monday in Ahmedabad.
India, leading 2-1 in the series, struggled to make runs and lost crucial wickets early in the day, including skipper Virat Kohli who failed to score. But Pant put on 113 for the seventh wicket with Sundar to hit back after the England bowlers reduced India to 146 for six at one stage.
Iga Swiatek cruised past Coco Gauff on Wednesday to reach the French Open semi-finals where she will face Beatriz Haddad Maia, the first Brazilian woman to make the last four of a Grand Slam in 55 years.
"(I decided) to leave Europe, it's true that I had offers from another European team but I didn't even think about it because in Europe, my idea was only to go to Barcelona."
Sri Lanka eased to 120 with 34 overs to spare in Hambantota, after a fast-bowling attack led by man-of-the-match Dushmantha Chameera had demolished the hapless Afghan top order.