The fact-finding mission to Myanmar, set up by the Human Rights Council, last year branded the army operations in 2017 as "genocide" and called for the prosecution of top generals, including army chief Min Aung Hlaing.
"If a conventional war starts between the two countries ... anything could happen. But supposing a country seven times smaller than its neighbour is faced with the choice — either you surrender or you fight for your freedom till death?
Ambassador Abu Shehab said that addressing the root causes of conflict, especially those that exacerbate discrimination and widen inequality within societies, is one of the most effective means to maintain international peace and security.
The UN World Food Programme also says millions of people inside Ukraine, a major global wheat supplier, will need food aid "immediately" and Ukrainian refugees continued to pour into neighbouring countries, including Poland, Romania and Moldova.