The fact-finding mission to Myanmar, set up by the Human Rights Council, last year branded the army operations in 2017 as "genocide" and called for the prosecution of top generals, including army chief Min Aung Hlaing.
"If a conventional war starts between the two countries ... anything could happen. But supposing a country seven times smaller than its neighbour is faced with the choice — either you surrender or you fight for your freedom till death?
Ambassador Abu Shehab said that addressing the root causes of conflict, especially those that exacerbate discrimination and widen inequality within societies, is one of the most effective means to maintain international peace and security.
The exodus of Rohingya was sparked by a 2017 Myanmar army offensive against the mostly Muslim minority, with the UN's highest court last month giving the green light to a landmark case accusing the Buddhist-majority country of genocide.
Amira Osman "never deterred from her mission," Dublin-based Front Line Defenders said in its awards announcement, "consistently (advocating) for democracy, human rights, and women's rights."
The UN Refugee Agency reports that more than 219,000 migrants have reached European shores in 2014 and considering the deteriorating situation of their region it is likely to double in the future.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet released the report on the treatment of Uighur Muslims in China’s Xinjiang. It took four years to prepare because China did not allow the UN team to visit Xinjiang until May 2018 when Bachelet visited the province. The conclusion that Bachelet reached in the report
The UN World Food Programme also says millions of people inside Ukraine, a major global wheat supplier, will need food aid "immediately" and Ukrainian refugees continued to pour into neighbouring countries, including Poland, Romania and Moldova.
After years of requesting "meaningful and unfettered" access to far-western Xinjiang, Michelle Bachelet will finally stage a six-day mission to China starting Monday, her office said.