All eyes on young Yousaf leading Scotland - GulfToday

All eyes on young Yousaf leading Scotland

Scottish National Party leader candidates Ash Regan (left), and Kate Forbes applaud as Humza Yousaf, (centre) is announced new SNP leader, at Murrayfield Stadium, in Edinburgh, Scotland, on Monday. AP

Scottish National Party leader candidates Ash Regan (left), and Kate Forbes applaud as Humza Yousaf, (centre) is announced new SNP leader at Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh, Scotland, on Monday. Associated Press

Humza Yousaf, the first Muslim leader of a major UK political party, faces an uphill battle to revive scotland’s drive for independence following the long tenure of his close ally Nicola Sturgeon. The new and youngest Scottish National Party (SNP) leader, 37, says his own experience as an ethnic minority means he will fight to protect the rights of all minorities — including gay and transgender people. The Glasgow-born Yousaf took his oath in English and Urdu when he was first elected to the Scottish Parliament in 2011, before progressing to become the first Muslim to serve in the devolved government’s cabinet.

He has been hailed by his supporters as a polished communicator who can unite the party as support stagnates for the SNP’s central policy — independence for Scotland. Despite the UK government’s opposition to a new referendum, and a Supreme Court setback, Yousaf vowed in his victory speech Monday to deliver independence in this generation. And, as his wife and mother brushed away tears, he paid tribute to his paternal grandparents after they came to Scotland from Pakistan in the 1960s barely speaking English.

They would not have imagined “in their wildest dreams” that their future grandson would become the leader of their adopted homeland.

“We should all take pride in the fact that today we have sent a clear message: that your colour of skin or indeed your faith is not a barrier to leading the country that we all call home,” Yousaf said.

He also vowed to be his own man as Scotland’s first minister. But far from running away from Sturgeon’s controversial record, he also says he will keep his experienced predecessor on “speed dial” for advice.

That has fed into critics’ portrayal of Yousaf as a political lightweight who will remain in thrall to Sturgeon’s camp. At the same time, he is promising a more collegial style of leadership. “Mine would be less inner circle and more big tent,” he told LBC radio. With the independence push stymied for now, following Sturgeon’s more than eight-year tenure as first minister, Yousaf takes over facing crises in healthcare and education under the SNP’s own watch in scotland. His record as Sturgeon’s minister for justice and healthcare was savaged on the campaign trail by his chief rival, Kate Forbes, and Yousaf must also heal a fractured party after its bruising leadership election. Yousaf says he was toughened after facing racist abuse growing up in Glasgow, especially after the 9/11 attacks in the United States.

“I’ve definitely had tough times,” he recalled, reflecting on his time in politics.

“I’ve thought to myself, ‘goodness, is there more that I can take personally’ because I also come under a tremendous amount of abuse online and, unfortunately, sometimes face to face.”

Yousaf’s Pakistani-born father forged a successful career in Glasgow as an accountant. The new SNP leader’s mother was born into a South Asian family in Kenya.

Yousaf attended an exclusive private school in Glasgow, two years behind Scottish Labour leader Anas Sarwar. He studied politics at Glasgow University, and worked in a call centre before becoming an aide to Sturgeon’s predecessor as SNP leader and first minister, Alex Salmond.

Yousaf entered the Scottish cabinet in 2012, serving in various roles including justice, transport and most recently health. He married former SNP worker Gail Lythgoe in 2010, but they divorced seven years later. In 2021 he and his second wife Nadia El-Nakla launched a legal complaint against a nursery, accusing it of racial discrimination after it denied admission to their daughter. The complaint was upheld by education inspectors but the couple have now dropped it, and the nursery denied the accusations.

He was accused of deliberately skipping a Scottish vote to legalise gay marriage in 2014, due to pressure from Muslim leaders. Yousaf insisted he had a prior engagement, and contrasts his own record to Forbes’ religiously conservative views as a member of a Scottish evangelical church.

He says he will “always fight for the equal rights of others” and not legislate based on his own faith. But one person’s constitutional position will not be protected in a Yousaf-led Scotland — that of King Charles III. “I’ve been very clear, I’m a republican,” he told Scottish newspaper The National, calling for debate on whether Scotland should move to an elected head of state. Meanwhile, In the short run, Humza Yousaf’s election as SNP leader will help steady the nerves of many an SNP parliamentarian. He was clearly the choice that most of them hoped members would make.  A number had been extremely critical of the socially conservative views expressed by Kate Forbes, not least on gay marriage. As a result, some would have been uncomfortable serving under her leadership. Yousaf, in contrast, should have little difficulty in marshalling his parliamentary troops, while the Greens will be happy to remain in the Scottish government coalition. Yet when the celebrations are over, a more sober mood might emerge. In truth, given the overwhelming lead that Yousaf enjoyed over Forbes in terms of endorsements from MPs and MSPs, the eventual result – 52 per cent to 48 per cent once the votes cast for the third candidate, Regan, had been redistributed – was uncomfortably close.

Polls conducted during the campaign had already revealed that Yousaf had limited appeal for those outside the SNP. Now we discover that the new leader is also not especially popular with the party faithful either. Yet what the SNP now badly needs is a leader who can reach out to voters. In the wake of the leadership contest, the party finds itself with Labour breathing down its neck. On average, recent polls of Westminster vote intention have put the SNP on 40 per cent, down 5 points on 2019. Labour, meanwhile, are now on 30 per cent, as much as 11 points up on four years ago.  While most of Labour’s advance is the result of developments at Westminster – most notably Partygate and the fallout from the Liz Truss administration – it still means that any SNP MP who has less than a 16-point lead over Labour currently looks to be at risk of losing their seat.

On the current boundaries at least, there are 10 seats that fall within that category. However, that number could grow quite quickly if the SNP lead over Labour were to fall yet further.  And while none of the unionist parties in Scotland find it easy to secure the backing of supporters of independence, Labour is the one party that has some success in doing so. In short, SNP MPs badly need their new leader to restore their party’s standing among voters or else some may find themselves fighting an uphill battle in 18 months’ time.

Meanwhile, the SNP also needs to rekindle the debate about and case for independence. After all, part of the reason for Ms Sturgeon’s resignation was that she felt unable to push support above the 50 per cent mark that would be needed to win any future ballot. At the same time, all of the candidates in the leadership contest agreed that that objective has to be achieved before any new attempt is made to secure another referendum. If anything, support for independence has eased somewhat in recent weeks. It now averages 47 per cent in the polls, the lowest level for four years.


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