Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan
A trained soldier and football fan, Sheikh Mohamed has for years been the quiet power behind the throne of Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates.
The 61-year-old took office, as was widely expected, after the passing of Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, who had led the country since 2004.
The Federal Supreme Council, made up of rulers of the UAE’s seven emirates, unanimously elected Sheikh Mohamed. He has also been named as ruler of Abu Dhabi, which controls most of the country's oil wealth.
Sheikh Mohamed has long wielded power, however. Despite his low profile, and apparent reluctance to speak in public, his ambition has been on display in recent years as the UAE built its profile as a regional player.
He was first Gulf leader to strike a deal normalising relations with Israel.
The UAE — a collection of emirates better known for its skyscrapers, palm-shaped islands and opulent mega attractions — has in short order built a nuclear power programme and sent a man to space.
And in July 2020 it joined another elite club by sending a probe to Mars, to mark the 50th anniversary of its unification.
Sheikh Mohamed, who was named crown prince of Abu Dhabi in November 2004, is the third son of Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan — the founder of the UAE.
He has been serving as deputy commander of the armed forces and chairman of the Executive Council of Abu Dhabi, which controls the emirate's substantial finances.
Born in the capital on March 11, 1961, Sheikh Mohamed was sent to military school in Britain, where he graduated from the famed Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 1979.
He rapidly rose through the ranks to become air force commander, deputy chief of staff and finally chief of staff in January 1993, and a year later was promoted to the rank of general.
Described by diplomats as Abu Dhabi's strongman, Sheikh Mohamed has forged links in world capitals, particularly in the West.
Under his leadership, Abu Dhabi has fostered trade and political ties across the region but has sided with the US against Tehran’s nuclear programme and with Saudi Arabia on its role in the mainly Arab world.
Sheikh Mohamed also took the lead on a staunch no-mercy domestic security policy.
At the same time, he crafted for the UAE a reputation of tolerance that contrasts with its conservative neighbours.
In 2017, he announced that Abu Dhabi's Grand Mosque, also known as Sheikh Zayed Mosque after his father, would be renamed the Mariam Umm Issa (Mary, Mother of Jesus) mosque as a means to "consolidate bonds of humanity between followers of different religions".
An avid football fan, Sheikh Mohamed is president of the local club in the oasis of Al Ain, his father's hometown and the second largest city in Abu Dhabi.
He has also been spotted cycling through the capital in shorts and a helmet.
A keen hunter and a poetry enthusiast, he is married to fellow royal Sheikha Salama bint Hamdan Al Nahyan. The couple has four sons and five daughters.
Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed said on Twitter, “With his enduring wisdom and generosity, my brother Khalifa Bin Zayed was the heart of our family and the guardian of our nation."
His Highness Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, Their Highnesses the Supreme Council Members and Rulers of the Emirates, Crown Princes, Sheikhs, and large crowd this afternoon performed funeral prayers on the body of the late H.H. Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, at the Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayed The First Mosque in Al Bateen, Abu Dhabi.
Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed was seen sharing a light moment with Sheikh Khalifa at a tent in the middle of the reserve.
The approval of this instalment for Emirati citizens in Abu Dhabi stems from the leadership’s commitment to ensure social stability, enhance living standards and provide the citizens with all their needs to enable them to be active contributors to the development of their community.
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