Adrian Wooldridge, Tribune News Service
In Shakespeare’s cycle of plays on Henry IV and Henry V, the dissolute Prince Hal eventually transforms himself into a heroic patriot king. Since becoming leader of the Conservative Party in May 2019, the dissolute Bo Jo — a man who was sacked from his first job in journalism for making up a quote and who only recently acknowledged how many children he has (six) — has struggled to transform himself into a statesman only to fail at the last moment. Boris Johnson put on smart suits but his hair was always in a mess. He delivered grave speeches but couldn’t resist making off-colour jokes (for example, describing the drive to increase the supply of ventilators as “operation last gasp”). It is only fitting, therefore, that his political career may be terminated by “partygate.”
Johnson has pleaded with everyone to suspend judgment until Sue Gray, the senior civil servant in charge of overseeing government ethics, delivers her report on several parties that took place in No. 10 Downing Street during lockdown. Whether he can survive Gray’s report has always been an open question: There is no doubt that he attended a “bring your own drinks” party in his garden on May 20, 2020, and that the party happened at a time when everyone was banned from social gatherings. But subsequent revelations about another Downing Street party that occurred on the evening before Prince Philip’s funeral involving disco dancing and a late-night mission to bring in more drinks in a suitcase have made his position even more tenuous. And the fact that the source of these revelations seems to have been his former consiglieri, Dominic Cummings, is ominous for the prime minister: Cummings was at Johnson’s side at the height of the pandemic and almost certainly has more scuttlebutt that he can use in his campaign to avenge his sacking in November 2020. Public opinion, his greatest friend hitherto, is turning against him: Three-quarters of Britons have a negative view of Johnson, according to YouGov, territory once occupied by Jeremy Corbyn; and Labour is leading the Tories by 10 points, 38% to 28%. Anti-Boris feeling in the Tory Party is spreading from the usual suspects — Remainers, Scottish Tories and allies of his predecessor, Theresa May — to his core supporters, with Andrew Bridgen, a hard-line Brexiter, calling for him to go. The chances rise by the day that the 15% of Tory MPs needed to precipitate a leadership election will write their letters to Graham Brady, the chairman of the 1922 Committee. A man who delivered an 80-seat Tory majority is well on the way to becoming a lame duck.
Lame duck status inevitably creates big problems in Britain’s idiosyncratic part-parliamentary and part-presidential political system: The prime minister possesses few formal powers other than appointing ministers but, since Margaret Thatcher, the position has become increasingly presidential.
Under Harold Wilson in the 1960s and 1970s, reform initiatives came from powerful ministers such as Roy Jenkins at the Home Office and Tony Crosland at education, while the prime minister balanced the factions (and eventually sank into paranoia). Today Downing Street drives policy and most Cabinet ministers are mere cyphers.
These problems will be compounded by the fact that Johnson was such a radical figure. He led a revolution within his own party — first against May and her attempt to produce a Brexit compromise and then against the party’s One Nation wing. This revolution proved so bloody that he sacrificed his own majority by depriving 21 MPs, including Winston Churchill’s grandson, Nicholas Soames, of the whip. He then tried to realign British politics by attaching pro-Brexit working class voters to the Tory Party through a combination of nationalism and big government. This new Toryism depended on reconciling two very different constituencies: traditional Tory voters in the South, who wanted low taxes and small government, and new Tory voters in the north, who wanted bigger government and more intervention.
A day after winning the leadership of his Conservative party, the former London mayor and figurehead of the 2016 Brexit campaign formally replaced Theresa May.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson will have to fight on Wednesday to defend his premiership after it was revealed a “bring your own bottle” gathering was held at his official residence during the first coronavirus lockdown.
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