British Prime Minister Boris Johnson gestures as he speaks to Dr Sarah Bowdin at the National Institute for Health Research at the Cambridge Clinical Research Facility, in Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge, Britain. File/ Reuters
Youssef El-Gingihy, The Independent
This December’s general election could be a momentous turning point for the United Kingdom — a nation deciding whether it will opt for a hard Brexit, a soft one, or even no Brexit at all.
It could also decide whether the NHS continues down the road to a two-tier healthcare system or whether it is restored as a publicly funded, owned and run system.
This week’s Channel 4 Dispatches programme exposed secret negotiations between senior UK civil servants and both US government officials and American pharmaceutical executives, who have apparently discussed NHS drug pricing and caps several times.According to polls, the British public is very concerned about the fate of the NHS in any post-Brexit trade deal. But the fact that these negotiations have happened should not exactly come as a surprise.
Trump may have already let the mask slip on his state visit last summer when he blurted out that the NHS would be “on the table” as part of a US-UK trade deal. In fact, as I have outlined in the new edition of my book How to Dismantle the NHS in 10 Easy Steps, the health service has been on sale for a long time. In fact, as I have outlined in the new edition of my book How to Dismantle the NHS in 10 Easy Steps, NHS marketisation and privatisation have been underway since the 1980s, moving in four main phases.
First came the introduction of the internal or limited markets in the 1990s under the Conservatives. This was followed by the expansion of this market under New Labour, who introduced greater outsourcing and public private partnerships such as PFI.
The coalition government’s Health and Social Care Act 2012 accelerated privatisation, and the post-2015 US-style integrated care programme aims to consolidate privatisation through the tendering of long-term multi-billion pound contracts for whole swathes of regional health and social care. Outsourcing and restructuring are administered from the outside by management consultancies, the big four accountancy firms and magic circle law firms.
The NHS market experiment has been nothing short of catastrophic. It has manufactured a permanent state of crisis. The costs of market mechanisms have escalated dramatically; tens of billions have been channeled into PFI.
Yet despite these all-too-evident disasters, a US-UK trade deal would most likely see the NHS transformed by “deregulation max”, with public services liberalised or opened up to transnational investors and corporations.It could also see the introduction of Investor State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) clauses, mechanisms that enable corporations to sue governments if they take steps to reverse measures that might harm future profits. ISDS clauses would deter the UK government from bringing services back in-house — effectively locking privatisation in.
This precedent has been applied in tens of cases across the world in various other trade agreements.
Only last year, parliament voted to pass CETA – the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement – an EU-Canada trade deal. The arrangement includes a proposal for an “investment court system”’, or arbitration courts for investors.
As Green MEP Molly Scott-Cato has written, under CETA, all services will be subject to a liberalised trade system unless exempt. This slim exemption would appear to only apply to core government functions, such as law enforcement, the judiciary and central banking — not to the NHS.
A Trump-Johnson trade deal would also harmonise or align regulations between both countries. From the UK’s point of view, that would mean ripping up workers’ rights, environmental protections and health and safety rules.
Admittedly, remaining in the EU could have seen the NHS opened up to the terms of future EU-US trade agreements. However, a groundswell of protest against the proposed TTIP treaty forced the EU to abandon its original negotiating directives on that particular deal. But post-Brexit, an isolated Britain would clearly be the junior partner, with the US dictating the terms.
With the US healthcare market increasingly saturated, American companies are increasingly looking for global markets, and they’ve been pursuing opportunities in the UK for years. Corporations such as UnitedHealth were forming partnerships with the NHS far back as 2003, while the management consultancy juggernaut McKinsey has its fingerprints all over NHS reforms, such as the current efficiency savings or cuts approaching £40 billion for this decade.
On the UK side, a disturbing revolving door pattern has emerged. After current NHS England chief executive Simon Stevens served as Tony Blair’s main health advisor, he then went off to work for for UnitedHealth for the best part of a decade, during which time he lobbied for TTIP and global expansion and against Obamacare.
Similarly, prior to his appointment, Cameron’s main health advisor Nick Seddon proposed that the NHS should merge with insurance companies. He eventually departed his role for Optum – the UK arm of UnitedHealth.
At every stage, Conservative ministers have fallen over another to issue denials that the NHS is under threat. However, Boris Johnson’s government have been economical with the truth, announcing extra money for the NHS that turned out to be nothing more than a reallocation of funds, while hospital building programmes shrank from 40 entirely new hospitals to just six reconfigurations.
The good news is that we can save the NHS. Jeremy Corbyn has vowed to reverse NHS privatisation. Still, a Corbyn government would be up against powerful corporate and financial interests.
That means we need a mass movement demanding a wider programme of policies around publicly owned public services, a green economy, the reversal of financialisation and the unwinding of the corporate capture of democracy. Only then can we realise a progressive vision for the future.
One of the most important things that losing my mum has taught me is that the burden of care falls to women and girls. My mum died of ovarian cancer 10 years ago, when I was 11. So, in my teens, I took on a different role in my family than most of my peers who still had their mums.
Next week heralds the start of the enviably long summer holiday for millions of children across the UK. For many, this marks the start of six weeks of fun, cultural enrichment and family holidays, but for around 3 million children, the summer holidays are a period of stress, food insecurity, hunger and malnourishment.
Just as Boris Johnson’s campaign for the general election heats up, his political spin doctors’ shameless tactics have plunged to new and indefensible lows. Here we are, overwhelmed
Sarah Sanders, one of the numerous press secretaries who served under former president Donald J Trump, has announced a bid for the 2022 governorship in Arkansas. During her time as press secretary, Sanders often subverted norms: failing to hold
Indumati Shivaraj’s routine has been the same for more than a decade — at dawn she walks to her “master’s” house, mucks out the cattle shed, cleans the tools and sweeps the yard. Four hours later, she walks home. Besides a cup of tea each day, Shivaraj,
The Government of India is in the process of formulating an Arctic Policy and had sought comments on its draft from interested parties on its website. While commenting on the draft closed on 26 January 2021, what is interesting to note is that India seeks