Speaker of the House of Commons, Lindsay Hoyle (left) and Speaker of the House of Lords Lord McFall (right), welcome Volodymyr Zelensky to Westminster Hall in London on Wednesday. AP
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky pushed for fighter jets to ensure his country's victory over Russia in a dramatic speech before the UK Parliament, where he also thanked the British people for their support since "Day One” of Moscow's invasion.
The embattled leader's surprise visit to Britain in a bid for more advanced weapons comes as Ukraine braces for an expected Russian offensive and hatches its own plans to retake land held by Moscow's forces.
Western support has been key to Kyiv's surprisingly stiff defence, and the two sides are engaged in grinding battles.
It was only Zelensky's second foreign trip since Russia invaded on Feb.24, 2022, after a December visit to Washington.
French President Emmanuel Macron's office said he would host Zelensky and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz in Paris later in the day, and expectations were growing that he might meet European Union leaders in Brussels on Thursday.
Before that, Sunak and Zelensky flew by helicopter to a British army base in southwest England to meet Ukrainian troops being trained on the Challenger 2 tanks that the UK is sending as part of the hundreds that Kyiv says it needs.
Hundreds of lawmakers and parliamentary staff packed the 900-year-old Westminster Hall, the oldest - and, on a cold winter day, unheated - part of Parliament for Zelensky’s speech.
Zelensky, wearing his trademark olive drab sweatshirt, urged allies to send his country jets, saying combat aircraft would be "wings for freedom.”
In a pointed and dramatic gesture, Zelensky presented the speaker of the House of Commons with a Ukrainian air force helmet, inscribed by a Ukrainian pilot: "We have freedom. Give us wings to protect it.”
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Zelensky also went to Buckingham Palace, where he met with King Charles III, who greeted him with a broad smile and a warm handshake before they held a meeting over tea. The king told the president that "we’ve all been worried about you and thinking about your country for so long.”
In his Parliament speech, Zelensky noted that Charles was a qualified military pilot.
"The king is an air force pilot,” Zekensky said, and "in Ukraine today, every air force pilot is a king.”
Zelensky was greeted with applause, cheers and cries of "Slava Ukraini” - "Glory to Ukraine” - as he arrived in Parliament, where his cause has wide support from both the Conservative government and opposition parties.
He had addressed the UK Parliament remotely in March, two weeks after the start of the invasion.
He echoed World War II leader Winston Churchill’s famous "never surrender” speech, vowing that Ukrainians "will fight till the end at sea, in the air. We will continue fighting for our land, whatever the cost.”
On Wednesday, he recalled how on a prewar visit to London, he sat on Churchill's chair in his subterranean wartime headquarters, and had a feeling that he only now understood.
"It was the feeling of how bravery takes you through the most unimaginable hardships to finally reward you with victory," Zelensky said.
In past wars, "evil lost,” Zekensky told UK lawmakers. "We know Russia will lose and we we know victory will change the world.″
The president is trying to soften allies' reluctance to send advanced fighter jets, both because they are complex to fly and for fear of escalating the war.
The UK has repeatedly said it’s not practical to provide the Ukrainian military with British warplanes. But in a shift, the government said on Wednesday it was "actively looking” at whether Ukraine could be sent Western jets, and was "in discussion with our allies” about it.
Britain announced it would train Ukrainian pilots in Britain on "Nato-standard fighter jets” within weeks.
Sunak spokesman Max Blain said the government was exploring "what jets we may be able to give” over the coming years, but had not made a decision on whether to send its F-35 or Typhoons.
"We think it is right to provide both short-term equipment … that can help win the war now, but also look to the medium to long term to make sure Ukraine has every possible capacity it requires,” he said.
Ukraine has sought fighter jets from its allies since early in the war to bolster its force of Soviet-made MiG-29 and Su fighters. The success of its air force in continuing to defend its skies and territory fly despite Russia’s much bigger numbers helped push back Moscow’s initial assault.
Macron has said France hasn't ruled out sending fighter jets but set conditions before such a step is taken, including not leading to an escalation of tensions or using the aircraft "to touch Russian soil,” and not resulting in weakening "the capacities of the French army.”
He will address the chamber at 1700 GMT when formal parliamentary business will be suspended. Lawmakers will be able to watch the speech on screens installed overnight, with 500 headsets providing a simultaneous translation in English.
Zelensky said when he went to address the British Parliament, "the scariest figure was the 50 Ukrainian children killed in 13 days of war. But then in an hour it became 52 children. I will never forgive this. And I know that you will never forgive the occupiers.”
The eastern Donetsk region has faced the brunt of Russia's offensive since its assault on Kyiv failed weeks into the invasion launched on February 24.
Energoatom, operator of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in the south of the country, said on Saturday that parts of the facility had been "seriously damaged" by military strikes and one of its reactors was forced to shut down.
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The committee said, “The Crescent for the month of Ramadan was NOT SEEN in Saudi Arabia today, subsequently Thursday 23rd March 2023 will be the first Day of Ramadan. Taraweeh Prayers will begin following Isha Prayers tomorrow."
The Shariah courts across the country will monitor and notify the committee of any sightings, while the Lunar Calendar Committee at the Abu Dhabi Judicial Department will continue to gather evidence and report its findings to the Moon-Sighting Committee.