Picture used for illustrative purposes only.
The shallow tremor struck about 170 kilometres (105 miles) east of Istanbul, the country's largest city, where it was strongly felt.
National authorities said the quake was at a magnitude of 5.9 — lower than the 6.1 given by the US Geological Survey — and its epicentre was in Duzce province's Golyaka district, though it also shook other nearby cities.
"We were woken up with a big noise and tremor," Duzce resident Fatma Colak told the media.
"We got out of our homes in panic and now we are waiting outside."
Interior Minister Suleyman Soylu, who visited Golyaka, said one person was seriously hurt after jumping from a balcony out of panic.
Initial images showed people covered in blankets outside their homes during the early morning. Some were seen placing blankets on the floor outside, and lighting fires for warmth.
Authorities said schools would be closed on Wednesday in Duzce and Sakarya provinces.
Soylu said that, apart from a few ruined barns, there were no reports of heavy damage or building collapses, but inspections were continuing.
He said authorities would check 8,000 buildings for any damage.
National disaster agency AFAD said there were controlled blackouts in the Duzce region, urging residents not to panic.
It also reported that 101 aftershocks had been recorded.
Türkiye is in one of the world's most active earthquake zones.
Duzce was one of the regions hit by a 7.4-magnitude earthquake in 1999 -- the worst to hit Türkiye in decades.
That quake killed more than 17,000 people, including about 1,000 in Istanbul.
Experts have long warned a large quake could devastate Istanbul, which has allowed widespread building without safety precautions.
A magnitude-6.8 quake hit Elazig in January 2020, killing more than 40 people.
And in October that year, a magnitude-7.0 quake hit the Aegean Sea, killing 114 people and wounding more than 1,000.
The quake produced powerful shaking along parts of Japan's eastern coast, and was felt strongly in Tokyo, but triggered no tsunami alert.
Thousands of children are living in makeshift shelters six months after a devastating earthquake and tsunami pounded the Indonesian city of Palu, aid agencies said Tuesday, as authorities wrestle with a "painfully slow" recovery.
An earthquake of magnitude 5 was felt in Ras Al Khaimah and other parts of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on Sunday afternoon. According to the National Center of Meteorology (NCM), slight tremors were felt in Ras Al Khaimah, with the centre of the earthquake being Qeshm Island - South Iran.
The grand event also featured a number of tech-powered shows and performances highlighting a roster of the UAE's pioneers in various fields; as well as a wide range of thrilling segments spotlighting the UAE's past and present, and its bold and ambitious initiatives and plans for the future.
Over 200 nationalities live in the UAE and call the nation their home. As the UAE celebrates its 51th National day, Gulf Today speaks to expats who were born and grew up in the UAE.
For his part, His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed expressed his thanks and appreciation for Sharif's kind gesture and the sincere feelings he showed towards the UAE and its people, and his wishes for further progress and prosperity for Pakistan and its people.
Three years into the pandemic, China has been a global outlier with its zero-tolerance approach towards COVID that has seen it enforce lockdowns and frequent virus testing. It says the measures are needed to save lives and avoid overwhelming its healthcare system.