International Criminal Court, The Hague. UN Photo
Andrii Smirnov, deputy head of Ukraine’s presidential administration, is spearheading the plan for a special international tribunal to investigate Russia’s alleged “crime of aggression”.
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The definition of the crime of aggression was adopted in the 2010 Rome Statute, and the similar notion of "crime against peace" was used in trials in Nuremberg and Tokyo after the Second World War.
The International Criminal Court, which has been trying the gravest crimes for the past 20 years, is already investigating war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in Ukraine.
Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a meeting. File photo
But it cannot look into accusations of aggression because neither Ukraine nor Russia have ratified the Rome Statute.
This court is "the only way to make sure that the criminals who started the Ukraine war are held accountable quickly," Smirnov told the media.
"The world has a short memory. That's why I would like this tribunal to start working next year."
Ukraine knows that the accused will not be present, but this tribunal "will serve to make sure that these people are labelled as criminals, and that they cannot travel in the civilized world," he said.
International treaty drafted
Ukrainian prosecutors have identified some 600 suspects in the aggression so far, including senior military officials, politicians and commentators.
An international treaty to set up the tribunal has been drafted, ready to be signed by governments.
The court's decisions would then be recognised on the territory of the signatory countries, which means that any convicted offenders could be arrested there.
Pedestrians walk past a damaged residential building in the village of Gostomel, close to Kyiv. File/AFP
Smirnov said several countries are set to sign the document before the end of the year and negotiations are ongoing with "several European partners (who) are willing to host the tribunal."
"We want this court's decisions to be recognised" he said, arguing he "perfectly understands" that the court needs strong legitimacy.
Despite several reforms, Ukraine courts have been criticised for lack of independence and corruption in the past.
While Poland and the Baltic states — Ukraine's closest partners — have been very supportive of the proposals, Germany and France have given more measured reactions.
Political considerations may explain this.
"Some countries, while acknowledging the aggression against Ukraine, are trying to keep a small window for negotiations with Vladimir Putin open," Smirnov said.
But, even in Western Europe, support is slowly building for the idea.
The European Parliament called for a special international tribunal for crimes of aggression on May 19.
And, speaking at an international conference on war crimes in Ukraine in The Hague last month, Dutch Foreign Minister Wopke Hoekstra said the question of a special court was a "very valid point".
Ukraine's infrastructure ministry said on Saturday that 16 ships carrying 450,000 tonnes of agriculture products had departed from Ukrainian sea ports since early August under the deal which ensured safe passage for vessels.
Ukraine's armed forces denied responsibility, saying Russian artillery had targeted the prison to hide mistreatment there. Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba said on Friday Russia had committed a war crime and called for international condemnation.
The sailing was made possible after Türkiye and the United Nations brokered a grain-and-fertiliser export agreement between Russia and Ukraine last month.
French Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin announced, on Friday, that 457 people had been arrested, and that 441 police and gendarmerie officers were injured on Thursday, in France, during the ninth day of protests against pension reform.
The pilot and a 14-year-old passenger were seriously injured and remain in hospital in a serious condition.
If the beggar is not physically disabled, or if he/she has an apparent source of living, or if the beggar had fabricated being injured with wounds or permanent disabilities.