Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida bows during a ceremony to mark the 77th anniversary of the atomic bombing in Nagasaki, Japan, on Tuesday. AP
Nuclear weapons present a "tangible and present crisis" after Russia's invasion of Ukraine, the mayor of Nagasaki said Tuesday, the 77th anniversary of the atomic bombing that destroyed the Japanese city.
The twin strikes by the United States led to the end of the Second World War, and to this day Japan remains the only country to be hit by atomic weapons in wartime.
On August 9, 1945, Nagasaki was flattened in an inferno that killed 74,000 people, three days after the world's first nuclear bomb attack in Hiroshima.
Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said, "Even though we face a severe security environment, we must pursue the history of non-nuclear use and make Nagasaki the last place of nuclear attack.”
As in Hiroshima, Russia and its ally Belarus were not invited to Tuesday's memorial event in Nagasaki.
Mayor Tomihisa Taue reads out the Nagasaki Peace Declaration at the Peace Park in Nagasaki on Tuesday. AFP
As of March, 118,935 survivors are certified as eligible for government medical support, according to the health and welfare ministry. Their average age now exceeds 84.
Many survivors of the bombings have lasting injuries and illnesses resulting from the explosions and radiation exposure and have faced discrimination in Japan.
Mayor Tomihisa Taue, in his speech Tuesday at the Nagasaki Peace Park, said nuclear weapons can be used as long as they exist, and their elimination is the only way to save the future of humankind.
Russia's invasion of Ukraine and threat of nuclear weapons use came only a month after it and four other nuclear powers pledged in a statement that nuclear war should never be fought, Taue noted.
"This has shown the world that the use of nuclear weapons is not a groundless fear but a tangible and present crisis,” he said. The belief that nuclear weapons can be possessed not for actual use but for deterrence "is a fantasy, nothing more than a mere hope."
People offer silent prayers during a ceremony to mark the anniversary in Nagasaki, Japan, on Tuesday. AP
The United States dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945, destroying the city and killing 140,000 people. It dropped a second bomb three days later on Nagasaki, killing another 74,000.
Participants, including diplomats from nuclear states, observed a moment of silence at 11:02am, the moment the bomb exploded above the southern Japanese city on Aug. 9, 1945.
Although Russia last week tried to roll back on Putin’s warning, fears of a third atomic bombing have grown amid Russia’s threats of nuclear attack since its war on Ukraine began in February. Russia last week shelled a Ukrainian city close to Europe's largest nuclear plant.
Japanese officials worry that the conflict may embolden China to be even more assertive in East Asia, and the government is pushing to further step up its military capability and spending.
Japan renounces its own possession, production or hosting of nuclear weapons, but as a US ally Japan hosts 50,000 American troops and is protected by the US nuclear umbrella. Still, Russia's nuclear threat has prompted some hawkish lawmakers in the governing party have also proposed a possibility of nuclear sharing with the United States.
Doves fly over the Peace Statue during a ceremony to mark the US atomic bombing at the Peace Park in Nagasaki. AP
Taue said discussions about nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation over the past decades have not been put into practice and trust in the 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons has become "tenuous.”
"We must recognize that ridding ourselves of nuclear weapons is the only realistic way of protecting the Earth and humankind’s future,” Taue said.
Taue urged Japan's government to exercise leadership in pursuing peace diplomacy that does not rely on nuclear deterrence.
“Today you are fighting for our people in Donbas, for the security of Russia, our homeland,” he added, as military hardware rumbled through Moscow’s Red Square.
Amid fierce battle between Russia and Ukraine, a video of a Ukrainian removing a anti-tank mine with bare hands with a cigarette in is mouth has gone viral.
Governor Dmytro Zhyvytskyy posted photographs of the charred shell of a four-story building and rescuers searching rubble. In a later Facebook post, he said many Russian soldiers and some local residents also were killed during the fighting on Sunday.
Kathy Lueders, who heads the agency's human spaceflight program, told reporters on a call that operations on the research platform were proceeding "nominally" and "we're not getting any indications at a working level that our counterparts are not committed."
A Platteville police officer stopped Yareni Rio-Gonzalez's car just past the train tracks and parked the police vehicle on the crossing before arresting her and putting her in the back seat.
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