Picture used for illustrative purpose.
Thousands of pilgrims started arriving in the holy city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia on Friday, among some one million Muslims expected to attend the 2022 haj pilgrimage season after two years of major disruption caused by the COVID pandemic.
Wrapped in white robes, with some carrying umbrellas against the burning desert sun, hundreds performed the first ritual of the Hajj, which involves walking in a circle around the Kaaba, the sacred building at the centre of Makkah's Grand Mosque.
"Praise be God... It's impossible to describe my feelings right now," said Ahmed Sayed Mahmoud, an Egyptian pilgrim. "Being in the Grand Mosque and in the land of the two holy mosques makes me very happy."
Saudi Arabia, home to Islam's holiest sites in Makkah and Medina, allowed back foreign travellers this year to perform the Hajj. Only a few thousand Saudi citizens and residents attended the annual pilgrimage in the last two years as COVID-19 wreaked havoc across the global economy and curtailed travel.
However authorities have said only one million people can join the 2022 season, less than half of pre-pandemic levels, and access is restricted to pilgrims aged 18 to 65 who have been fully vaccinated or immunised against the virus and do not suffer from chronic diseases.
Security officers mixed with pilgrims inside the mosque. A web of surveillance cameras oversaw its surroundings and checkpoints controlled access to the city to help ensure an incident-free Hajj, which has been marred in the past by deadly stampedes, fires and riots.
Over the years, the kingdom has spent billions of dollars on making one of the world's biggest religious gatherings more secure.
In 2019, the last year before the pandemic struck, some 2.6 million people performed the Hajj, while around 19 million took part in the umrah, another form of pilgrimage to Mecca which - unlike the haj - can be carried out at any time of the year.
An economic reform plan of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman aims to increase umrah and Hajj capacity to 30 million pilgrims annually and to generate 50 billion riyals ($13.32 billion) of revenues by 2030.
In the Saudi Holy City of Makkah, dotted with fast food eateries and stalls selling Chinese-made trinkets, vendors are ready to cash in on the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
The Hajj pilgrims on the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah scaled Mount Arafat (Mountain of Mercy) on Monday, to perform the most important ritual of the Hajj.
The Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Hajj is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime as this year around 60,000 coronavirus vaccinated residents perform Hajj under the government’s directions for COVID-19 precautions.
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