Residents line up for nucleic acid testing at a residential area in Shanghai, China, on Monday. Reuters
Around 25 million people remain locked down in China's largest city and financial centre, as authorities try to snuff out the country's most severe virus outbreak since the end of the first pandemic wave in early 2020.
Under China's unbending virus controls, anyone found positive — even if they are asymptomatic or have a mild infection — must be isolated from non-infected people.
That includes children who test positive but whose family members do not, health officials confirmed on Monday, defending a policy, which has spread anxiety and outrage across the city.
"If the child is younger than seven years old, those children will receive treatment in a public health centre," Wu Qianyu, an official from the Shanghai Municipal Health Commission, said Monday. "For older children or teenagers... we are mainly isolating them in centralised (quarantine) places."
Parents and guardians voiced their anger at the policy on social media.
"Parents need to meet 'conditions' to accompany their children? That's absurd... it should be their most basic right," one unnamed commenter wrote on social media platform Weibo.
Unverified videos of babies and young children in state-run wards have been widely shared.
But Shanghai official Wu said the policy was integral to virus "prevention and control work."
She added that children and parents who test positive would be able to stay together as a family.
Frustration is mounting in Shanghai, which on Monday recorded 9,000 new virus cases and is the epicentre of China's outbreak.
Authorities initially promised not to lock down the whole city, instead targeting virus clusters with localised lockdowns of specific compounds or districts.
After weeks of growing case numbers, city officials last week gave a rare admission of failure of their tactics.
They introduced a two-stage lockdown, initially billed as lasting four days each to mass test both sides of the city.
Several days on, residents fear they are under a prolonged stay-at-home order by stealth, unable to exercise outside or walk dogs and with limited access to fresh food.
While the confinement was in theory set to be lifted Tuesday, the Shanghai government's official WeChat account said it would stay in place due to the high number of positive cases detected.
China's zero-Covid strategy is under extreme pressure as the virus whips across the country, with another outbreak in the northeast.
Until March, China had successfully kept the daily caseload down to double or triple digits, with harsh localised lockdowns, mass testing and travel restrictions.
More than 38,000 health workers from 15 provinces have been sent to Shanghai to help fight the outbreak, state broadcaster CCTV reported Monday, quoting the Ministry of Health.
On Monday the nationwide caseload topped 13,000 for a second day as the daily infection tally hit rates unseen since mid-February 2020.
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