A man receives a dose of Moderna' vaccine at the Makati Coliseum in Makati City, Philippines, on Thursday. AP
The government tightened restrictions in Manila and several provinces and cities this week. Unvaccinated people among the capital's 13 million people were ordered to stay home, after infection numbers tripled in the last two days.
Health officials said infections were projected to increase further in the coming days and would peak by the end of the month. "Because it's a national emergency, it is my position that we can restrain" people who have not got their shots, Duterte said in a pre-recorded message.
"I am now giving orders to the (village chiefs) to look for those persons who are not vaccinated and just request them or order them, if you may, to stay put."
"And if he refuses and goes out of the house and goes around in the community or maybe everywhere, he can be restrained. If he refuses then the (official) is empowered to arrest the recalcitrant persons," he added.
Coronavirus vaccinations are voluntary in the nation of more than 100 million people, and less than half the population have so far completed their jabs.
Duterte said he was "appalled" at the large numbers of Filipinos yet to be vaccinated.
"If you don't get a jab you put everybody in jeopardy," he said, with the virus "galloping in our community, in our country and in the world."
New infections surged to more than 17,000 on Thursday, rising more than threefold from Tuesday's toll, according to health department data. The disease has infected 2.9 million people in the country, nearly 52,000 of whom have died.
Health experts say the new cases are driven by the highly transmissible Omicron variant. Under the tighter restrictions, in place until mid-January, unvaccinated residents have to stay at home unless buying essentials or exercising.
Restaurants, parks, churches and beauty salons will operate at lower capacity, while in-person classes and contact sports are suspended.
Member states are struggling to contain a third wave of the epidemic and kick-start vaccine programmes slowed by a shortfall in deliveries, and Britain has warned the bloc against resorting "vaccine nationalism."
Following an EU summit, French President Emmanuel Macron said there was a "new type of world war," adding: "We are looking in particular at Russian and Chinese attacks and attempts to gain influence through the vaccine."
"We have found that a sizable population of housewives are unvaccinated, and they socialise and attend weddings without face masks,” Qasim Siraj Soomro, parliamentary secretary health of the Sindh provincial government, said.
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The UAE also condemned his use of a map of Israel that includes lands from the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the occupied Palestinian territories.
The Shariah courts across the country will monitor and notify the committee of any sightings, while the Lunar Calendar Committee at the Abu Dhabi Judicial Department will continue to gather evidence and report its findings to the Moon-Sighting Committee.
The move comes as part of President Mohamed's humanitarian initiatives and is reflective of the values of forgiveness and tolerance to give pardoned inmates an opportunity to start a new life and ease the suffering of their families.