Norway's Ambassador Mona Juul speaks in the Security Council, at United Nations headquarters. File/AP
The UN Security Council has strongly condemned attacks on schools, teachers and children and called on all parties to promote the right to education in conflicts.
The UNSC is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), charged with ensuring international peace and security, recommending the admission of new UN members to the General Assembly, and approving any changes to the UN Charter.
Its powers include establishing peacekeeping operations, enacting international sanctions, and authorizing military action. The UNSC is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions on member states.
A resolution adopted by the council Friday by a 15-0 vote emphasised the "invaluable role” that education plays in providing "life-saving spaces” and its contribution to achieving peace and security.
"For the first time, the Security Council has adopted a resolution uniquely dedicated to the protection of education,” Norway’s UN Ambassador Mona Juul, who sponsored the resolution with Niger, told the council after the vote.
The UNSC is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions on member states.
She told the council: "Education is under attack around the world.”
Between 2014 and 2019, Juul said 11,000 attacks that harmed more than 22,000 students and educators in at least 93 countries were reported.
The resolution urges the 193 UN member nations "to develop effective measures to prevent and address attacks and threats of attacks against school and education facilities.”
It condemns the military use of schools, which violates international law and may make the buildings "legitimate targets of attack, thus endangering children’s and teachers’ safety as well as their education.”
The resolution urges all parties to armed conflicts to respect that schools are civilian facilities under international humanitarian law. And it calls on all countries "to take concrete measures to mitigate and avoid the use of schools by armed forces.”
The council expressed "deep concern that girls and women may be the intended victims of attacks targeting their access to and continuation of education,” saying such attacks can include rape, sexual violence and sexual slavery.
Council members urged UN members "to take steps to address girls’ equal enjoyment of their right to education.”
Juul said the 99 countries that co-sponsored the resolution are "an expression of a truly global commitment to this important cause.”
The Norwegian ambassador stressed that adoption of the resolution must be followed by its full implementation, The Associated Press.
"We must do more to safeguard educational institutions from military use and attacks,” Juul said, "and ensure the continuation of education during conflicts -- including by investing in education in situations of crisis and conflict.”
The UNSC's Sanctions Committee 1267 made the declaration after China, which had blocked the proposal four times earlier, lifted its "technical hold" amidst intense pressure from the Security Council's other permanent members like the US, the UK and France.
The evaluation of students' performance will be based on the Formative assessment by the teacher and in accordance with the central directives.
Schools reopen on Monday, which means so does mask madness 2.0. Have you been cheering on the vaccination programme and thinking maybe the rubes we have in government aren’t quite as incompetent as critics like me have been arguing?
Mohamed Adel is accused of killing his colleague Naiyera Ashraf in front of the gate of Mansoura University after she refused to marry him.
His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, on Tuesday, congratulated high school graduates in the country.
A team of Dubai's Maritime Rescue Department at Ports Police Station has rescued a person from drowning in Jumeirah Beach after receiving the report through the 'safe Sail'