How the world was ‘mapped’ over centuries - GulfToday

How the world was ‘mapped’ over centuries


Muhammad Al-Idrisi map.

From maps produced for the kings of Spain and Portugal to a 12th-century world map oriented with south at the top and a life-size hand coloured photograph of a 15th-century map of the world, the ‘Tales from the East’ exhibition organised by Sharjah Book Authority (SBA) at its headquarters in Sharjah, features a treasure trove of unique exhibits that shed light on the evolution of the science of cartography.

When renowned Muslim scholar and traveller Muhammad Al-Idrisi was commissioned by King Roger II, the greatest of the Norman kings of Sicily, to create a map for him of the entire known world, it led to the creation of the magnum opus called the Tabula Rogeriana. It depicted the world from Iceland to China and Africa, and a host of countries in between.

The strikingly detailed Tabula Rogeriana, which remained among the world’s most accurate maps for nearly 300 years, featured mountains, lakes, rivers, and towns, roads and distances. However, in the tradition of Islamic cartographers, Al-Idrisi drew it with the south positioned at the top.

‘Tales from the East’ exhibition also features an equally fascinating example of the significant achievements of early modern cartography with Tunisian Hajji Ahmed’s ‘Fully Illustrated Exposition of the World in Its Entirety,’ created in an unknown workshop in Venice in 1559. A towering landmark of contemporary geographical knowledge, this map is among the most extensive original Turkish-language geographical treatises to have survived from the 16Th century.

This cordiform or heart-shaped world map features copious text, intricately and painstakingly inscribed along its outer margins. The text describes the four continents, the 12 great countries of the world paired with signs of the zodiac, and the seven greatest rulers in the world paired with planets. Three smaller maps at the bottom depict the celestial world.

Sharjah Book Authority (SBA) has announced that its ‘Tales from the East’ exhibition will showcase early written material with an estimated total value of over AED 60 million, including books and manuscripts, and a collection of rare artefacts, at its headquarters in Sharjah from 27th April to 3rd May, 2021.

Open to the public from 20:00 to midnight, starting Wednesday, 28th April, the exhibition will also feature a series of cultural sessions and panel discussions.

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