People hold banners during a protest against the lockdown on Oxford Street, in London, on Saturday. Reuters
Several European countries introduced new lockdown measures Saturday as they battled surging coronavirus infections, while Tokyo Olympics organisers were forced to announce an "unavoidable" ban on overseas fans to keep the Games safe.
Residents in Poland, parts of France and Ukraine's capital Ukraine all woke up to new restrictions, with most shops shut and people urged to work from home.
People dance during a protest against the lockdown in London. Reuters
Elsewhere in Europe, frustrations with COVID-19 curbs were spilling over, with scuffles breaking out at a large anti-restrictions protest in the German city of Kassel, and thousands joining a similar demonstration in Liestal, Switzerland.
"End the lockdown" and "Corona rebels", read signs held by demonstrators at the protest in Kassel, which was organised by a group that has drawn in activists from both the far-left and far-right as well as anti-vaxxers and conspiracy theorists.
The pandemic is still speeding up worldwide, with the number of new COVID-19 infections rising globally by 14 per cent over the past week, according to AFP data.
More than a third of France's population is now under a renewed lockdown as the country, along with several European neighbours, battles a third wave of the virus.
But the curbs are lighter than those enforced at the height of the pandemic last year, with schools remaining open and hairdressers, cobblers and chocolate shops added to an expanded list of businesses allowed to accept customers.
Police officers detain a person during a protest against the lockdown. Reuters
The government has also scrapped the forms once required to justify all trips outside the home, which were widely derided as an example of excessive French bureaucracy.
On the sunny banks of the River Seine, some Parisians questioned whether the restrictions could really be described as a "lockdown" at all.
"I can't see any change, apart from the closed shops," said a resident named Philippe, strolling with his daughter in the midst of cyclists and joggers.
AstraZeneca row escalates
The row over AstraZeneca's coronavirus vaccine meanwhile shows no signs of abating, with EU chief Ursula von der Leyen threatening to halt exports of the jab if the bloc does not receive its deliveries first.
The Anglo-Swedish pharma giant has delivered only 30 percent of the 90 million vaccine doses it had promised for the first quarter of the year, blaming production delays at its EU plants.
"We have the option of banning a planned export. That's the message to AstraZeneca: you fulfil your contract with Europe first before you start delivering to other countries," von der Leyen told Germany's Funke media group.
European officials are furious that AstraZeneca has fallen short on the continent while fully delivering on its UK commitments -- something that has allowed the recently-departed EU member to give half of its adult population at least one jab as of Saturday.
AstraZeneca has also had to contend with worries that its jab may cause blood clots, with more than a dozen countries pausing its use recently.
A protester holds a placard which translates to 'We Stand For Freedom' during a demonstration against lockdown in Amsterdam. AP
Several European countries including Germany and Italy resumed AstraZeneca vaccinations on Friday after an all-clear from EU regulators and the World Health Organisation.
But Scandinavian nations Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland have all said they want more information before deploying the vaccine again.
Seeking to reassure their populations, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his French counterpart Jean Castex both received a dose of AstraZeneca on Friday. "I literally did not feel a thing. It was very good, very quick," said Johnson who became seriously ill from Covid-19 last year.
Foreign fans banned from Olympics
With more than 400 million vaccine doses already injected globally, organisers of the Tokyo Olympics had previously billed this summer's Games as a chance to provide "proof of humanity's triumph over the virus." But on Saturday, Olympics chiefs announced that overseas fans would be banned as it remains too risky to invite large international crowds to Japan.
"We have to ensure a safe and secure environment for all the participants," said Tokyo 2020 chief Seiko Hashimoto. "It was an unavoidable decision."
The unprecedented ban will make the Tokyo Games the first ever without overseas spectators.
Like millions of other Britons, the prime minister will be able to have a trim and a tipple on Saturday, when the country takes its biggest step yet out of coronavirus lockdown with the reopening in England of restaurants, pubs and hairdressers, along with secular and sacred venues including cinemas and church.
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland told people they should still stay at home. Johnson's government has been accused by the opposition Labour Party of responding too slowly and late to an outbreak that has now produced the world's second highest death toll - something the government denies.
It is the latest grim milestone after the novel coronavirus surfaced in central China in December 2019 and went on to infect more than 139 million people, leaving billions more under crippling lockdowns and ravaging the global economy.
Elbrus, a dormant volcano in Russia's North Caucasus region, is the highest mountain in Europe with 5,642 metres (18,510 feet) and is experiencing a national tourism boom due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Sheikh Saud said on Instagram, “As the early morning sun rises, I photograph and contemplate this enchanting scene created by Almighty God near the summit of Jebel Al Sahab in Ras Al Khaimah.
US police announced that one person was killed and 12 others were injured, when an attacker opened fire at a store in the suburb of Collierville, Tennessee. The shooter was found to have committed suicide.