Chinese Hui Muslims pray during Eid al-Fitr prayers at Niujie Mosque in Beijing.
Chinese authorities have demolished thousands of mosques in Xinjiang, an Australian think tank said on Friday, in the latest report of widespread human rights abuses in the restive region.
Rights groups say more than one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim Turkic-speaking people have been incarcerated in camps across the northwestern territory, with residents pressured to give up traditional and religious activities.
Around 16,000 mosques had been destroyed or damaged, according to a Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) report based on satellite imagery documenting hundreds of sacred sites and statistical modelling.
Most of the destruction had taken place in the last three years and an estimated 8,500 mosques had been completely destroyed, the report said, with more damage outside the urban centres of Urumqi and Kashgar.
Many mosques that escaped demolition had their domes and minarets removed, according to the research, which estimated fewer than 15,500 intact and damaged mosques left standing around Xinjiang.
If correct, it would be the lowest number of Muslim houses of worship in the region since the decade of national upheaval sparked by the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s.
By contrast, none of the Christian churches and Buddhist temples in Xinjiang that were studied by the think tank had been damaged or destroyed.
ASPI also said nearly a third of major Islamic sacred sites in Xinjiang — including shrines, cemeteries and pilgrimage routes — had been razed.
An AFP investigation last year found dozens of cemeteries had been destroyed in the region, leaving human remains and bricks from broken tombs scattered across the land.
China has insisted that residents of Xinjiang enjoy full religious freedom.
Foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said last week that there were about 24,000 mosques in Xinjiang, a number that per person was "higher than that of many Muslim countries.”
Friday’s report comes a day after ASPI said it had identified a network of detention centres in the region much larger than previous estimates.
China has said its network of camps are vocational training centres, which are necessary for countering poverty and anti-extremism, while Wang said the institute’s research on the centres was “seriously questionable.”
China’s foreign ministry said on Wednesday that it strongly opposed US “lies,” after the United States led more than 30 countries in condemning what it called China’s “horrific
China on Monday defended its vast network of re-education camps in Xinjiang and said it would continue “training” residents, following explosive government document leaks detailing surveillance and control of the region’s Uighur population.
Enwaer Tursun, an ethnic Uighur, had worked his way up in his native Xinjiang, eventually rising to the post of deputy secretary-general of the region’s People’s Congress in 2017.
Congress state President Nana Patole said that the new evidence like demands of Rs250m bribe to release Aryan Khan, has raised "big questions on the role of NCB" and sought a high-level enquiry into the matter.
The flight, operated by Go First, took off for Sharjah at 6:30pm from Srinagar and landed at Sharjah International Airport at 9:30pm UAE time. The flight revives direct air link between the Kashmir Valley and the UAE after 11 years.
In the first case, which took place at 5:00pm, there were 3 Asians, two of whom were rescued while the third, 29, drowned. In the second case, which took place at 6:00pm, an Arab, 30, drowned and was transported by the national ambulance to the Khalifa Hospital..
According to Colonel Saleh Al Dhanhani, Director of the Traffic and Patrols Department at Fujairah Police, the accident took place around 7:30am on Sunday when a man dropped his son identified as ASA opposite the private school where he was studying.