Commuters travel in a carriage of a Yellow Line train after Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) resumed services.
India overtook Brazil on Monday as the country with the second highest number of confirmed coronavirus cases, even as key metro train lines re-opened as part of efforts to boost the South Asian nation's battered economy.
India has emerged in recent weeks as the new global pandemic hotspot, although cases continue to soar across the globe with reported infections worldwide nearing 27 million and deaths surpassing 880,000.
France, Israel and Australia were among the nations forced in recent days to extend travel restrictions or impose new ones to try and contain fresh surges.
India, home to some of the world's most densely populated cities, has been reporting the highest single-day rises in the world and on Monday it confirmed a new record of nearly 91,000 new cases.
Infections have now risen above 4.2 million, surpassing Brazil's total and making India's tally the second-highest behind the United States' 6.25 million.
However, with India's economy imploding following months of travel restrictions, authorities pressed on with risky reignition plans.
The metro in the capital New Delhi began reopening on Monday after a five-month shutdown and 12 other cities restarted subway services.
"For our lives to move on, we have to get out of our homes... so this is a good move by the government," passenger Deepak Kumar, who took the Delhi subway to work, told reporters.
Authorities imposed strict rules on the trains, with masks, social distancing and temperature checks mandatory.
During peak hour in New Delhi on Monday morning, carriages were sparsely filled as people followed guidelines dictating that only alternate seats could be occupied.
For total deaths worldwide, the United States has the most with more than 188,000, followed by Brazil with 126,000. India is next with about 71,000 fatalities.
Britain, one of the worst-hit countries at the start of the pandemic, is also battling another spike.
The number of daily cases hit nearly 3,000 on Sunday, a level not seen since late May, according to health ministry figures.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock said the latest sufferers were predominantly young people.
"It's important that people don't allow this illness to infect their grandparents and to lead to the sort of problems that we saw earlier in the year," he said.
The British government said it would tighten local restrictions in areas showing sharp rises in cases, rather than impose a second national lockdown, for fear of its impacts on the economy.
In France authorities placed seven more regions covering several major cities on high alert Sunday.
The curbs came after France reported a record of nearly 9,000 daily cases on Friday. In Paris masks are now mandatory in all public spaces.
In Spain, the government is trying to restart schools even as it records the highest number of new infections on the European continent.
Some Spanish parents are refusing to send their children back to class for the new school year despite the threat of sanctions from authorities.
"Going back to school is being treated like an experiment, we're like guinea pigs," said Aroa Miranda, a 37-year-old mother-of-two in the coastal town of Castellon de la Plana.
"For my eight-year-old, I will pretend he's ill so I don't have to send him to school."
On the sporting front, International Olympic Committee vice president John Coates offered a stoic note of hope, saying the Tokyo Games would go ahead next year regardless of the pandemic.
"These will be the Games that conquered Covid, the light at the end of the tunnel," Coates told reporters in an exclusive interview.
The daily number of new coronavirus infections in France stayed above 20,000 on average for the fourth straight day on Tuesday, while hospitalisations reached an eight-week high of 27,041.
With 554,296 deaths and over 30 million confirmed cases, the United States tops the list of twenty countries with the highest recorded infections and deaths in the world.
Esper's comments come at a time when some US officials have blamed China for the coronavirus outbreak. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Sunday Washington had evidence the disease emerged from a Chinese lab, which Beijing strongly denies.
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