A woman looks at a mural of a health worker with wings holding a globe on International Nurses Day in Melbourne. File / AFP
Almost 600,000 Australians lost their jobs as the virus shutdown took hold in April, the steepest monthly drop since records began more than 40 years ago, data showed on Thursday.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) said 100,000 people filed for unemployment benefits, while a further 500,000 left the workforce altogether.
Morrison called the figures "terribly shocking," with the ABS reporting the underutilisation rate — which combines unemployment and underemployment — reached a record high of 19.9 per cent in April.
Protesters opposed to lockdown measures implemented to curb the spread of the coronavirus clash with police outside Parliament House in Melbourne. AFP
The ABS said 2.7 million people — or one in five Australian workers — either left the workforce or had their work hours reduced as the country recorded an "unprecedented fall" in the workforce participation rate to 63.5 per cent. The drop in the participation rate meant unemployment rose one percentage point to 6.1 per cent, well short of forecasts of more than eight percent.
Just 12.4 million Australians now have jobs after the steepest monthly fall in employment since the ABS began recording monthly data in 1978.
The unprecedented employment data provided a stark illustration of the pandemic's effect on the national economy, which had experienced an unbroken run of growth for more than two decades.
Compounding concerns about the economic hit is a diplomatic spat with China, Australia's largest trading partner, sparked by Morrison's call for an international inquiry into the origins of the new coronavirus.
"This is a tough day for Australia, a very tough day," Morrison said in a televised media briefing. "Terribly shocking, although not unexpected."
The Australian Bureau of Statistics data showed 594,300 jobs were lost in April, the largest fall on record, underscoring Morrison's decision to slowly begin reopening the country. The unemployment rate shot up to 6.2%, the highest since September 2015, from 5.2% in March.
That was lower than the 8.3% forecast by economists in a Reuters poll, largely due to a significant decline in the number of people looking for work, including some people who are receiving an emergency "jobseeker" payment from the government.
If those people were included, the statistics office said, the unemployment rate would spike to 9.6%, the highest since 1997.
"The terms ‘unprecedented’ and ‘extraordinary’ are used regularly to describe the effects of COVID-19 on the economy but when discussing the impact on the job market, the terms are appropriate," said Craig James, chief economist at the Commonwealth Bank of Australia.
Australia imposed strict social distancing measures in March to tackle the pandemic, closing its borders to all non-citizens and ordering people to stay home unless on essential business. Pubs, sports centres, libraries and other public buildings were closed while cafes and restaurants were restricted to takeaway services.
Many shops and other businesses not explicitly ordered to close did so anyway in response to a drop in demand as people stayed home.
Officials have credited the lockdown measures with constraining the spread of the virus. Australia has recorded about 7,000 COVID-19 cases, including 98 deaths, significantly below the levels reported in North America and Europe.
New South Wales and Victoria, Australia's two most populous states, on Thursday reported just 13 new cases between them, including infections linked to an outbreak at a meat factory and a McDonald's Corp restaurant.
Morrison on Thursday stressed the need to move ahead with his government's three-step plan to remove all social distancing restrictions by July, a program that Treasurer Josh Frydenberg has said would increase gross domestic product by A$9.4 billion each month..
Reopening the economy has been partly overshadowed, however, by a row with China, which took around 38% of all Australia's exports last year, over Australia's push for the coronavirus inquiry.
China earlier this week suspended the export licences of several of Australia's largest beef processors and proposed tariffs of 80% on Australian barley shipments, actions viewed as retaliatory following a warning by Chinese ambassador to Australia Cheng Jingye that Chinese consumers could boycott Australian products.
Australian Trade Minister Simon Birmingham has tried to smooth the waters, saying the beef ban was linked to labelling issues while the barley tariffs were related to an anti-dumping case, but acknowledged on Thursday that his Chinese counterpart had not responded to requests for a meeting.
Back home, the rescue of Virgin Australia, the country's second largest airline, became a political issue as Queensland's state government outed itself as one of the 19 potential bidders for the struggling carrier. Virgin entered voluntary administration in April and indicative offers for the company are due on Friday.
Reuters / AFP
Health officials worldwide have expressed concerns in recent days that some countries grappling with the devastating economic impact of lockdowns may lift restrictions too swiftly, and that the coronavirus could spread during mass anti-racism protests.
At least 115,000 nurses have died from COVID-19, but Catton said this World Health Organisation figure from the start of the pandemic through May was conservative and the true figure is probably twice that.
Elsewhere in Europe, frustrations with COVID-19 curbs were spilling over, with scuffles breaking out at a large anti-restrictions protest in the German city of Kassel, and thousands joining a similar demonstration in Liestal, Switzerland.
London Underground trains were disrupted, as were overground trains to London Bridge and Southwark. "The fire is spewing thick smoke, and people who live or work in the area are advised to close their windows and doors,"
Speaking at the press conference held at EWINGS’ headquarters to introduce the two winners to the attending journalists, Farid Samji, CEO of EWINGS, operator of Mahzooz said: “Participants from India and the Philippines top the list of our players respectively.
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