Local police officers patrol in front of the city hall in Plaza Cibeles in Madrid on Monday. Gabriel Bouys/AFP
Perhaps no other phenomenon in recent times has affected nations the world over on such an epic scale as the coronavirus. Normal life has taken a beating on an unprecedented level across the world, thanks to the coronavirus. Bars, cinemas and schools were shutting down from New York and Los Angeles to Paris and Dubai in a worldwide effort to combat the coronavirus pandemic, as financial markets went for a toss despite measures on a war footing by banks.
Spain has registered nearly 1,000 new COVID-19 infections over the past 24 hours, raising the total number of cases to 8,744, the health ministry said on Monday. Over the same period, the number of deaths rose by nine to 297, the ministry's emergencies coordinator said.
In contrast, Mexico and Brazil still held large political rallies and the United Kingdom kept its schools open.
Germans were asked to cancel all holidays as Canada and other countries closed their borders to all visitors. In Spain, which has the second most COVID-19 cases in Europe after Italy, police used drones to order people to stay at home. Airlines slashed flights, shed jobs and asked governments for billions of dollars in loans and grants.
Global markets reeled on Monday, with US stock indexes plunging 7 per cent as the Federal Reserve's second emergency rate cut to near zero stoked fears of a coronavirus-driven recession.
EU finance ministers were planning a coordinated economic response to the virus, which the European Commission says could push the European Union into recession.
Leaders of the G7 countries were due to hold a video conference on Monday to discuss a joint response. A White House adviser said the United States could pump $800 billion or more into the economy to minimise damage.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) called on all countries on Monday to ramp up their testing programmes as the best way to slow the advance of the pandemic.
"We have a simple message to all countries – test, test, test," WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus told a news conference in Geneva. "All countries should be able to test all suspected cases. They cannot fight this pandemic blindfolded."
In Italy, there were 368 new deaths from the outbreak on Sunday, a daily toll more dire than even China was reporting at the peak of the outbreak that first hit its central city Wuhan.
"Many children think it is scary," Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg told a news conference dedicated to answering children's questions about the pandemic.
"It is OK to be scared when so many things happen at the same time," Solberg said.
Several countries banned mass gatherings such as sports, cultural and religious events to combat the fast-spreading respiratory disease that has infected nearly 175,000 people globally and killed more than 6,700.
Just a month ago, financial markets were hitting record highs on the assumption the outbreak would largely be contained in China. There have now been more cases and more deaths outside mainland China than inside.
73 Americans dead
US states pleaded with the Trump administration on Monday to coordinate a national response to the outbreak, saying patchwork measures enacted by state and local authorities were insufficient to confront the coast-to-coast emergency that has killed at least 71 Americans.
"This should be a reality where the United States is put on a war footing, where the federal government mobilises all the resources necessary – and it begins with testing," New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio told MSNBC.
Without a coordinated federal response, the states of New Jersey, New York and Connecticut, home to more than 22 million people, struck a regional agreement to shut all movie theatres, casinos and gyms on Monday night. Maryland and Washington state enacted similar restrictions.
Spain and France, where cases and fatalities have begun surging at a pace just days behind that of Italy, imposed severe lockdowns over the weekend.
Thailand plans to close schools, bars, movie theatres and popular cockfighting arenas.
"The worst is yet ahead for us," said Dr. Anthony Fauci, the top infectious diseases expert in the United States, a warning echoed by officials in Switzerland, where 14 have died.
Italy's Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte told daily Corriere della Sera that the outbreak was still getting worse, though the governor of Lombardy, the northern region that has suffered the worst, said he saw the first signs of a slowdown.
Rolls Royce, Ford asked to make ventilators
Britain has asked manufacturers including Ford Motor Co , Honda and Rolls Royce to help make health equipment, including ventilators to cope with the outbreak, and will look at using hotels as hospitals.
The worldwide financial policy actions were reminiscent of the sweeping steps taken just over a decade ago to fight a meltdown of the global financial system, but the crisis now is forcing entire societies to effectively shut down.
The International Olympic Committee will hold talks with heads of international sports organisations on Tuesday, a source close to a federation briefed on the issue said, amid doubts the Tokyo 2020 Olympics set to start on July 24 can proceed.
The Jewish faithful should avoid kissing the Western Wall, the chief rabbi of the Jerusalem holy site said.
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has staunchly opposed lockdowns but many local authorities have defied him and, with the crisis deepening, a vast section of Bahia state was placed under curfew.
Moscow and Lagos joined the roll call of cities around the world with empty streets, while Virginia and Maryland became the latest US states to announce stay-at-home orders, followed quickly by Washington DC.
The daily death toll brought the total number of fatalities to 18,579. The overall number of cases in the country rose to 177,633 on Wednesday from 172,541 the day before.
Trump, who has reacted angrily to criticism of his administration's response to the worst epidemic in a century, has become increasingly hostile towards the WHO. The Geneva-based organisation had promoted China's "disinformation" about the virus that likely led to a wider outbreak than otherwise would have occurred, Trump said.
The UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed its sincere condolences to the US Government and people and to the families of the victims of this heinous crime, wishing a speedy recovery to all the injured.
Sheikh Mohamed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum and Dr Sheikh Sultan Bin Mohammed Al Qasimi have sent cables of condolences to King Abdullah on the passing of Dr Faisal Al Yasin, the father of Queen Rania.
The ministry stressed in a statement that its aim to continue expanding the scope of testing nationwide to facilitate the early detection of coronavirus cases and carry out the necessary treatment.