Lightning strike in the midst of Taal volcano explosion is seen in Lipa City. Facebook photo
Thousands of people were forced to evacuate their homes around Taal, one of the world's smallest active volcanoes, which spewed ash for a second day from its crater in the middle of a lake about 70km south of central Manila.
"The speed of escalation of Taal's volcanic activity caught us by surprise," Maria Antonia Bornas, chief science research specialist at the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, told reporters.
"We have detected magma. It's still deep, it hasn't reached the surface. We still can expect a hazardous eruption any time."
Authorities warned that an eruption could send a tsunami surging across the lake.
More than 24,000 people have been evacuated from the volcanic island and the area immediately around it — normally a popular tourist spot.
"We got scared of what could happen to us, we thought the volcano was going to erupt already," said Marilou Baldonado, 53, who left the town of Laurel with only two sets of clothes after she saw the huge ash cloud build.
Some tourists ignored the dangers and travelled to towns close to the volcano to get a better look.
"It's a once in a lifetime experience for us," Israeli tourist Benny Borenstein told Reuters as he snapped photos of Taal from a vantage point in Tagaytay City, about 32 km away.
To the southwest of the volcano, the towns of Agoncillo and Lemery were coated by a thick layer of ash, making roads impassable.
Agoncillo's mayor, Daniel Reyes, told DZMM radio some homes and part of a building had collapsed under the weight of the fallen ash.
In nearby Talisay Batangas, Vice Governor Mark Leviste said rain had turned ash to mud and trucks were needed to evacuate more people from remote communities.
"There is no power. Even water was cut, so we are in need of potable water," he said. "We are in need of face masks."
SCHOOLS, OFFICES CLOSED
In Manila, masks sold out quickly after residents were advised to wear them if they had to go out. Some wore handkerchiefs across their faces as they breathed air tainted by the smell of sulphur.
Streets that would normally be snarled with some of the world's worst traffic were largely empty in the city of 13 million people.
Schools and government offices were closed on official orders. The stock exchange suspended trading and many private businesses shut for the day too.
Classes in some cities in the capital will remain suspended on Tuesday, officials said.
FLIGHT OPERATION RESUMED
Flight operations at Manila's international airport partially resumed, authorities said, after more than 500 flights were delayed or cancelled on Sunday.
One flight that did land carried President Rodrigo Duterte, who was coming back from his home city of Davao in the southern Philippines. He had been unable to fly on Sunday because visibility was so low.
One of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines, Taal has erupted more than 30 times in the past five centuries, most recently in 1977. An eruption in 1911 killed 1,500 people and one in 1754 lasted for a few months.
The island has been showing signs of restiveness since early last year.
The Philippines lies on the "Ring of Fire," a belt of volcanoes circling the Pacific Ocean that is also prone to earthquakes.
There were no immediate reports of injuries or damage, but authorities scrambled to evacuate more than 6,000 villagers from an island in the middle of a lake, where the volcano lies, and tens of thousands more from nearby coastal towns, officials said.
Chino and Kat Palomar exchanged vows in Cavite province on Sunday under a gigantic cloud of smoke and ash from Taal, one of the world's smallest active volcanoes.
Sheikh Mohammed said on Twitter, “Today, we saw humanity and tolerance unfold through the Emirates Red Crescent's campaign that brought our citizens together with Filipino residents to provide aid to families affected by the Taal volcano in the Philippines. Humanity defines our society.”
The UAE’s annual literary extravaganza, the Emirates Airline Festival of Literature began on Wednesday with a starry mix of Hollywood celebrity, award-winning authors and experts leading the field on matters shaping the world. Across the week-long event, the festival will feature almost 300 sessions, ensuring there’s something for everyone, from live music and poetry performances to workshops, film screenings, and of course inspiring talks from some of the biggest names in literature.
The earthquake was recorded at 6:44 pm (10:44 GMT), near the Moncayo district in Davao de Oro province on the island of Mindanao.
Authorities are also probing the possibility that people inside the compound helped to coordinate the attack, the senior provincial police official told AFP on condition of anonymity.