Palestinian businesses call for freedom, not cash - GulfToday

Palestinian businesses call for freedom, not cash


Dalia Shurrab, a Palestinian entrepreneur and a social media coordinator, gestures as she works at an office in Gaza City. File / Reuters

Palestinian businessmen boycotting the Trump administration’s Bahrain workshop designed to encourage investment in the territories say only a diplomatic path to statehood can end decades of conflict with Israel.

The United States has billed the June 25-26 gathering in the Gulf kingdom as an economic overture to its long-delayed Israeli-Palestinian peace plan, widely referred to as President Donald Trump’s “deal of the century”.

But Israeli government officials have not been invited. Palestinian leaders — and the vast majority of its business community — are shunning the conference spearheaded by Trump’s son-in-law, Jared Kushner.

While details of the Trump peace plan are still sketchy, Palestinians worry it will jettison the two-state solution — the long-standing international formula which envisages an independent Palestinian state in the West Bank, east Jerusalem and Gaza co-existing with Israel.

“Our case is political, 100 per cent. It’s not economic,” said Palestinian tech company executive Murad Tahboub.

Tahboub, managing director of ASAL Technologies, echoes arguments made by other members of the Palestinian business community in the West Bank and Gaza — territory Israel captured in the 1967 Middle East War and where Palestinians want to build a future state.

“How (can you) build an economy if you don’t have sovereignty? If you don’t have access to natural resources, like water, like electricity, like borders?” Tahboub says his company’s growth has lagged due to Israeli restrictions. “I have 350 engineers because I don’t have a state, right now. If I was in Romania or Ukraine, it’d be 3,500.”

The Western-backed Palestinian Authority has exercised limited self-rule in the West Bank since the Oslo interim peace deals of the 1990s, with economic relations between Israel and the Palestinians governed by the Paris Protocol of 1994.

Palestinians hoped the Oslo arrangements would lead to full statehood one day, but it never happened, with both sides blaming each other.

The West Bank remains under Israeli occupation, scattered with Israeli settlements and military bases and sealed off by checkpoints and a razor wire and concrete barrier.

The Israeli government cites security considerations for the restrictions it and Egypt impose on Gaza, whose hardliner rulers Hamas refuse to recognise Israel’s right to exist.

The Palestinian Authority’s heartland is the West Bank, which at 15 times the size of Gaza is the engine of the Palestinian economy.

But the World Bank says close to a quarter of Palestinians live in poverty and that the Palestinian economy grew by just 1% in 2018, with a 7% contraction in Gaza.

Unemployment in the Palestinian territories reached 31 per cent last year, with the jobless rate standing at 52 per cent in Gaza, the World Bank says.

Palestinians blame huge cuts in US aid under the Trump administration and Israel’s decision to withhold tax remittances because of a political dispute for bringing the Palestinian Authority’s finances to the brink of collapse.

Israeli analysts say a drop in foreign aid is primarily to blame for the Palestinians’ economic woes, as donors lose faith in the prospects for peace and shift their efforts to other crisis areas.

“The Palestinians grew accustomed to relying on international aid, which continued to flow so long as there was some chance of a diplomatic accord with Israel,” said Oded Eran, a senior research fellow with the Institute for National Security Studies at Tel Aviv University.

At least one Palestinian, Ashraf Jabari, a businessman from the West Bank city of Hebron who has close ties to Israeli settler groups, is expected to attend the conference.

Jabari told media that he seeks “complete participation between Israeli and Palestinian businessmen in Judea and Samaria”, using the biblical term for the West Bank favoured by many Israelis.

Jabari co-founded a trade group to boost business between Palestinians and Israeli settlers and the Trump administration has praised him for what it calls his open-minded approach.

But the overwhelming majority of the Palestinian business community has backed the leadership’s refusal to attend Bahrain, saying the Trump plan repeats past mistakes by putting economic peace before resolving underlying political issues.


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