Sudanese protesters flash the V for victory sign as they man a makeshift barricade in Khartoum on Tuesday. Agence France-Presse
Sudanese protesters on Tuesday called for a mass rally, insisting the army is not serious about handing power to civilians nearly three weeks after it toppled president Omar Al Bashir.
The call came as tensions mounted over the make-up of a new joint civilian-military council to run Sudan, with demonstrators reinforcing their barricades outside the army headquarters in the capital.
The two sides have been at odds over their representation in the council supposed to replace the military body that took power after Bashir’s ouster on April 11 in the face of mass protests against his three-decade rule.
The military has been pushing for a 10-member council including seven military representatives and three civilians.
The disagreements prompted the Alliance for Freedom and Change to announce a “million-strong march on May 2 to assert our main demand, which is for civilian rule”.
“The military council is not serious about handing over power to civilians,” said Mohamed Naji Al Assam, a leader from the Sudanese Professionals Association spearheading the protest movement. “The military council insists that the (joint) council should be military led with civilian representation,” Assam told a news conference, adding the army had been seeking to “expand its powers daily”.
“The international community should support the choices of the Sudanese people.”
Speaking at the same news conference, Madani Abbas Madani, another protest leader, accused the military council of using “escalatory language which does not encourage partnership”.
Their statements came after a top Sudanese general announced the new body would be headed by current military ruler General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan.
The protesters have called the military council headed by Burhan “a copy cat of the toppled regime”.
They want a majority of civilians on a 15-member joint council with seven military representatives.
Adding to the deepening discord, the military council said six security personnel were killed in clashes with protesters across the country on Monday.
“In different incidents, six people from the security forces were killed and 16 wounded,” said the council’s deputy chief Mohammad Hamdan Dagolo, who is widely known as Himeidti.
“There were incidents of burning of markets and looting,” he said, adding protest leaders had told the military council any incident that took place outside the Khartoum sit-in site did not represent them.
Thousands of protesters began massing outside army headquarters in the capital on April 6, demanding that the armed forces back them in ousting Bashir.
Five days later, the army took power through a transitional military council, having deposed Bashir, after months of protests that began with unrest over a tripling of bread prices.
Since then the 10-member council of generals has resisted calls to step down.
But in a breakthrough on Saturday, the two sides agreed to form a joint civilian-military body to pave the way for a civilian government.
The joint council would be an overall ruling body, according to protest leaders, who want a separate transitional civilian administration to run the country’s day-to-day affairs and work towards elections. Late Monday, a Sudanese protest group said the army was trying to remove barricades and disperse the sit-in outside army headquarters.
On Tuesday, several military vehicles loaded with machineguns were deployed in downtown Khartoum, an AFP correspondent reported.
Dozens of protesters staged a demo in the north Khartoum suburb of Bahari against the military council, burning tyres and blocking roads, an AFP reporter said. The Sudanese Professionals Association has urged its supporters to gather at the sit-in and to protect the barricades.
But the military council’s deputy head insisted it was “not against the continuation of the sit-in”.
Lieutenant General Salah Abdelkhalik, also a member of the ruling military council, said the army would “never use violence against protesters”.
Witnesses at the sit-in said protesters were strengthening some of the makeshift roadblocks.
“These barricades are for protecting us. We don’t want any military vehicle to enter the sit-in area. We will not move until we have civilian rule,” a protester told AFP.
Sudanese activists and officials say a diplomatic push by the US and its Arab allies was key to ending a weekslong standoff that raised fears of all-out civil war.
The "Justice First" marches were called by the Sudanese Professionals' Association, which has been spearheading the protests since December.
Hundreds of Sudanese demonstrators marched in the capital on Thursday towards a prominent square to honour comrades killed in the months-long protest movement that has rocked the northeast African country.
Conditions in Salvadoran prisons have come under greater scrutiny after the government in April released startling photos of hundreds of jailed gang members stripped to underwear and pressed together in formation, drawing strong criticism from human rights groups.
It said there would be no limits on the number of visitors allowed to visit people in their own homes but they must ensure that there is enough space for everyone to keep their distance from each other and make sure there is enough fresh air.
Restrictions will be lifted in three phases, culminating in the curfew completely ending — with the exception of the holy city of Makkah — from June 21, the state news agency reported in a statement early on Tuesday.