Fighters loyal to the internationally recognised GNA run for cover during clashes in Tripoli’s suburb of Ain Zara. Agence France-Presse
Libya has asked the UN Security Council to dispatch a fact-finding mission to investigate attacks on civilians in Tripoli, according to a letter released on Thursday.
Libya’s UN-recognised government said forces loyal to commander Khalifa Haftar had killed and displaced civilians, destroyed property, recruited child soldiers and used heavy artillery and Grad missiles on populated areas.
The government requested that the council “delegate a fact-finding mission to investigate the violations committed by the attacking forces in the city of Tripoli,” said the letter dated April 18 from Libyan Ambassador Elmahdi Elmajerbi.
The council has been unable to agree on a draft resolution put forward by Britain demanding a ceasefire in Tripoli after Haftar’s forces launched an offensive on April 4 to seize the capital.
Russia has opposed a text that singles out Haftar for criticism while the United States has asked for more time to consider the situation, according to UN diplomats.
After forces loyal to the Tripoli-based government of national unity launched a counter-attack last weekend, the International Committee for the Red Cross warned that residential areas of Tripoli were being turned into battlefields.
Intensified fighting for control of the Libyan capital is turning residential areas of Tripoli into “battlefields”, the International Committee of the Red Cross said Thursday.
“The humanitarian situation in and around Tripoli has deteriorated sharply over the past three weeks,” since military strongman Haftar launched an offensive on April 4 against forces loyal to the internationally-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), the ICRC said in a statement.
“More than 30,000 people are said to have fled their homes and are sheltering with relatives or in public buildings,” it said, a figure which Libyan authorities and the United Nations say has risen to almost 35,000.
“Tripoli’s basic services and infrastructure, such as hospitals and water pumping stations, which have already suffered from violence over the past eight years, are being weakened further,” it said, referring to the insecurity in Libya since the 2011 uprising that ousted Muammer Qadhafi.
Youness Rahoui, the head of office in Tripoli for the ICRC, singled out the impact of the violence, which has focused on Tripoli’s southern suburbs, on residents of the capital.
“One of our greatest concerns is for civilians living near the frontlines. Densely-populated residential areas are gradually turning into battlefields,” Rahoui said.
He also said it was becoming “increasingly dangerous for medical workers to retrieve the wounded, with mounting reports of indiscriminate shelling”.
At least 278 people have been killed and more than 1,300 wounded in the clashes, according to the latest casualty toll from the World Health Organization.
Forces loyal to the GNA, which is based in Tripoli, launched a counter-attack last weekend.
The UN voiced concern earlier this week that civilians had been trapped by shelling on densely populated parts of the city.
The International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Libya office also highlighted the plight of some 3,000 migrants held at detention centres in areas hit by fighting.
People traffickers have operated freely across much of Libya since the 2011 uprising and the country has become a major conduit for sub-Saharan African migrants desperate to reach Europe.
The UN’s refugee agency UNHCR said it had evacuated 325 refugees from a centre in Qasr ben Ghachir on Wednesday night, a day after the IOM reported a “random shooting” at the centre south of Tripoli.
UNHCR said armed men had attacked migrants as they protested against conditions in the centre.
“There were no gunshot wounds, but 12 refugees suffered physical attacks that required hospital treatment,” it said.
The agency says it has transferred more than 825 migrants out of combat zones over the past two weeks.
At least 278 people have been killed and more than 1,300 wounded in the clashes, according to the World Health Organization.
More than 35,000 people have been forced to flee their homes, according to the United Nations.