Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Okuma town. File photo/Reuters
Tokyo Electric Power plans to allow overseas workers coming to Japan under a new visa programme to work on the cleanup of its wrecked Fukushima nuclear power station north of Tokyo, a spokeswoman said on Friday.
The company, known as Tepco, has held discussions with the many sub-contractors working on the site to ensure any overseas staff working under the new arrangements have a full understanding of radiation safety and the necessary language skills, the spokeswoman said.
Around 4,000 workers are on the site every day, she said.
Tepco has been criticised by the United Nations over possible exploitation of those working on the decades-long decommissioning of the Fukushima station, which was wrecked by an earthquake and tsunami that devastated northeastern Japan in 2011.
A Reuters investigation in 2013 found widespread labour abuses at Fukushima, including workers who said their pay was skimmed and who spoke of scant scrutiny of working conditions.
Tepco said at the time it was taking steps to limit worker abuses.
Japan, long resistant to immigration, is opening its doors to more foreign workers under a law that went into effect this month.
The law allows about 345,000 blue-collar workers to enter Japan over five years in 14 sectors, such as construction and nursing care, which face acute labour shortages. One category of “specified skilled workers” can stay up to five years but cannot bring families.
A second category of visas, limited to the construction and shipbuilding industries, allows workers to bring their families and be eligible to stay longer.
An older programme that allows workers in on “technical trainee” visas has long been dogged with cases of abuses, including low and unpaid wages, excessive hours, violence and sexual harassment.
Three reactors at Fukushima had meltdowns in the 2011 disaster, which also knocked out power and cooling at the nuclear station.
The disaster forced 160,000 people to evacuate areas near the Fukushima plant. Many of them will never return to the most contaminated areas.
Japan's government estimated in 2016 that the cost of dismantling Fukushima, decontaminating the affected areas and paying compensation would amount to 21.5 trillion yen ($192 billion), around 20 percent of the country's annual budget.
Tepco has struggled for more than eight years with rising levels of contaminated water that comes from its jerry-rigged cooling system for the melted reactor cores, in addition to power failures and water leaks.
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