This image has been used for illustrated purpose.
Polynesian seafarers likely reached Antarctica hundreds of years before the Western explorers usually credited with discovering the frozen continent, a new study has concluded.
New Zealand researchers scoured so-called "grey literature" -- including oral records, historic indigenous artworks and non-academic sources -- looking for links between Maori people and Antarctica.
"When you put it together, it's really clear, there's a very long history of connection to Antarctica," said project leader Priscilla Wehi from New Zealand's government research institute Manaaki Whenua.
Polynesian seafarers are widely regarded as some of history's greatest sailors, navigating vast distances between Pacific islands with pin-point precision on their double-hulled waka, or canoes.
The research, published last week in the Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, found they reached Antarctica long before the first Westerners in the 1820s.
The researchers believe the first voyage to Antarctica waters even pre-dates Maori arrival in New Zealand in the 14th century.
"We find Polynesian narratives of voyaging between the islands include voyaging into Antarctic waters by Hui Te Rangiora and his crew on the vessel Te Ivi O Atea, likely in the early seventh century," Wehi said.
Oral histories of the voyage include reference to "a foggy, misty and dark place not seen by the sun" and iceberg-like summits "piercing the sky with no vegetation".
The study said that Maori carving and weaving also supported accounts of early Antarctic exploration.
Wehi said collating traditional Maori accounts helped give a broader view of Antarctic history, beyond the accounts of European male explorers that usually predominate.
"History tends to be told by one voice and there's often a dominant narrative," she told the New Zealand Herald.
"Often indigenous history and even women's history becomes invisible, so for me it's about making that history visible."
The tropical island nation in the Indian Ocean is what beach holiday dreams are made of.
The province located in the Food Valley of Emilia-Romagna has a strong gastronomic and cultural vibe.
We have your family vacation covered with the following list of ideal mid-year destinations worth paying a visit to.
The girl said she once went for a medical check-up and was told she contracted the disease from an insect and took medicine, but it had no effect.
It was Erik’s breadth of experience as a Master Barber, comprising almost two and a half decades, that paved the way for his entry into the SMP industry and becoming a guiding force. Proving himself to be a pioneer in this emerging field, Roberto has valuable advice for up-and-coming achievers.
While there are some tried and true paths to success, the road less traveled can yield even more favorable results. Katie LaFrance & Dr. Catherine Chang realize the conventional route is not for everyone, and missteps can be beneficial rather than a setback.
Failure. It is the monster we can’t run from but are often too afraid to face, so we cower away and wither in our comfort zones. Most people pound on their chests when they fail at something, and others are too afraid of failing that they never even start.