Hagia Sophia or Ayasofya, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan has proposed restoring the mosque status of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, a sixth century building at the heart of both the Christian Byzantine and Muslim Ottoman empires and now one of Turkey's most visited monuments.
"We can't go back to the Middle Ages now," Metropolitan Hilarion, chairman of the Moscow Patriarchate's department for external church relations, said on state television, the Interfax news agency reported.
"We live in a multipolar world, we live in a multi-confessional world and we need to respect the feelings of believers."
He said the Russian Orthodox Church did not understand the motive for Hagia Sophia's conversion and that it believed domestic politics was behind the move.
"We believe that in the current conditions this act is an unacceptable violation of religious freedom," he was quoted as saying.
A Turkish court earlier this week heard a case aimed at converting the building back into a mosque and will announce its verdict later this month.
The court case, brought by an NGO for preserving historic monuments, disputes the legality of a decision in 1934, in the early days of the modern secular Turkish state under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, to convert Hagia Sophia - known in Turkish as Ayasofya - from a mosque into a museum.
The proposal has been criticised by other religious and political leaders.
Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, the spiritual head of some 300 million Orthodox Christians worldwide and based in Istanbul, said converting it into a mosque would disappoint Christians and would "fracture" East and West.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and the Greek government have also urged Turkey to keep the building as a museum.
Erdogan has described foreign criticism over the proposal as an attack on Turkey's sovereignty.
At the entrance of an Istanbul mosque, the racks usually reserved for the shoes of the faithful are loaded with pasta packages, oil bottles, biscuits -- like a supermarket.
The world-famous Hagia Sophia museum in Istanbul - originally founded as a cathedral - has been turned back into a mosque.
Turkey has converted another former Byzantine church from a museum back into a mosque a month after it similarly turned Istanbul’s landmark Hagia Sophia into a Muslim house of prayer.
Pakistan hosted some 1.5 million registered refugees, one of the largest such populations in the world, according to the United Nations refugee agency.
Eying each other across a stream of traffic, rival Pakistani biryani joints vie for customers, serving a fiery medley of meat, rice and spice that unites and divides South Asian appetites.
The rising fashion diva was the only face to be seen from the Indian film industry, ahead of her debut.