Eating less may help you live longer - GulfToday

Eating less may help you live longer

Some food for thought on eating out

Junk that junk food and you may extend your lifespan, says one study. Image is used for illustrative purpose.

Gulf Today Report

Eating a lot of heavily processed foods are linked to a risk of earlier death, according to a study.

If you want to live longer, reduce levels of inflammation throughout your body and delay the onset of age-related diseases, eat less food, say researchers.

Ultra-prossessed foods tend to be high in sugar, salt and saturated fat.

While the benefits of caloric restriction have long been known, the new results show how this restriction can protect against aging in cellular pathways.


Healthy diets can tackle obesity

High Vitamin A intake can lower skin cancer risk

Have hot peppers for a healthy heart

"We already knew that calorie restriction increases life span, but now we've shown all the changes that occur at a single-cell level to cause that," said a senior author Juan Carlos Izpisua Belmonte from the Salk Institute in the US.

"This gives us targets that we may eventually be able to act on with drugs to treat aging in humans," Belmonte added.

For the findings, the research team compared rats who ate 30 per cent fewer calories with rats on normal diets.

The diet of animals in the age group of 18-27 months was controlled. (In humans, this would be roughly equivalent to someone following a calorie-restricted diet from the age of 50 to 70).

Consumption of high calorie diets leads to many health problems.


Many of the changes that occurred as rats on the normal diet grew older and didn't occur in rats on a restricted diet; even in old age, many of the tissues and cells of animals on the diet closely resembled those of young rats.

Overall, 57 per cent of the age-related changes in cell composition seen in the tissues of rats on a normal diet were not present in the rats on the calorie restricted diet, the study said.

"This approach not only told us the effect of calorie restriction on these cell types, but also provided the most complete and detailed study of what happens at a single-cell level during aging," said study researcher Guang-Hui Liu from Chinese Academy of Sciences in China.

According to the study, some of the cells and genes most affected by the diet related to immunity, inflammation and lipid metabolism.

The number of immune cells in nearly every tissue studied dramatically increased as control rats aged but was not affected by age in rats with restricted calories.

Related articles