A worker collects white nopal in Zapopan, Jalisco state, Mexico. Ulises Ruiz/AFP
Mexico's prickly pear cactus, which is emblazoned on the country's flag, could soon play a new and innovative role in the production of biodegradable plastics.
A packaging material that is made from the plant has been developed by a Mexican researcher and is offering a promising solution to one of the world's biggest pollution conundrums.
"The pulp is strained to obtain a juice that I then use," said Sandra Pascoe, who developed the product and works at the Atemajac Valley University in the western city of Guadalajara.
That substance is then mixed with non-toxic additives and stretched to produce sheets which are colored with pigments and folded to form different types of packaging.
"What we're doing is trying to concentrate on objects that don't have a long life," she said, particularly "single-use" packaging.
Pascoe is still conducting tests, but hopes to patent her product later this year and look for partners in early 2020, with an eye towards larger-scale production.
"What we're doing is trying to concentrate on objects that don't have a long life, particularly "single-use" packaging.
The cacti Pascoe uses for her experiments come from San Esteban, a small town on the outskirts of Guadalajara, where they grow by the hundreds.
San Esteban is located in Jalisco state where, starting next year, single-use non-recyclable plastic bags, straws and other disposable items will be banned.
Mexican scientist Sandra Pascoe Ortiz works at a laboratory. AFP
Drop in the ocean
Mexico City and states such as Baja California have also introduced similar measures.
In May, the capital city adopted a "historic" ban on plastic bags beginning in 2020. From 2021, straws, plastic plates and cutlery, and balloons will also be banned if they're made "entirely or partially from plastic," according to the bill adopted by the local congress.
Pascoe developed a biodegradable plastic made with the juice of Nopal. AFP
Pascoe says her new material would be no more than a "drop in the ocean" in the battle to preserve the environment.
Given the rampant production of industrial plastics and the time it takes to make her material, there would need to be "other recycling strategies" to make any concrete difference, she said.
Plastic pollution has become a global concern, particularly after bans imposed by China and other countries on the import of plastic waste from overseas.
Pascoe is still conducting tests, but hopes to patent her product later this year. AFP
Despite widespread alarm on the environmental cost, Asia and the United States lifted world production of plastic last year while Europe saw a dip, according to numbers released by the Plastics Europe federation in June.
More than eight million tons of plastics enter the world's oceans every year.
Pope Francis, who has made defending the environment a cornerstone of his pontificate, recounted how Italian fishermen came to him one year and told him they had found many tonnes of plastic in the Adriatic Sea.
Read on to find out what's veganism, and how shifting to a vegan diet and discipline can do a world of good.
Plastic pollution is so widespread in the environment that you may be ingesting five grams a week, the equivalent of eating a credit card, a study commissioned by the environmental charity WWF International said on Wednesday.
The following postpartum signifies a period of revivification, and the hormonal turbulence can be fatiguing for the body.
The nursery follows the British Early Years Foundation Stages (EYFS) curriculum that focuses on 7-core areas of age-appropriate learning with a well-developed and holistic curriculum.
Nutritionists recommend a daily Vitamin C intake of 75 mg for women and around 100 mg for men.