Louise Gluck gives a speech at the 2014 National Book Awards in New York City. File/ AFP
The prize was announced in Stockholm by Mats Malm, the permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy.
Gluck has previously won the Pulitzer Prize in 1993 for her collection "The Wild Iris", and the National Book Award in 2014.
The award comes after several years of controversy and scandal for the world’s pre-eminent literary accolade.
In 2018 the award was postponed after sex abuse allegations rocked the Swedish Academy, the secretive body that chooses the winners, and sparked a mass exodus of members.
After the academy revamped itself in a bid to regain the trust of the Nobel Foundation, two laureates were named last year, with the 2018 prize going to Poland’s Olga Tokarczuk and the 2019 award to Austria’s Peter Handke.
Handke’s prize caused a storm of protest: a strong supporter of the Serbs during the 1990s Balkan wars, he has been called an apologist for Serbian war crimes. Several countries including Albania, Bosnia and Turkey boycotted the Nobel awards ceremony in protest, and a member of the committee that nominates candidates for the literature prize resigned.
This year the academy is likely to seek a more harmonious choice for the 10 million kronor (more than $1.1 million) prize.
On Monday, the Nobel Committee awarded the prize for physiology and medicine for discovering the liver-ravaging hepatitis C virus. Tuesday’s prize for physics honored breakthroughs in understanding the mysteries of cosmic black holes, and the chemistry prize on Wednesday went to scientists behind a powerful gene-editing tool.
Still to come are prizes are for outstanding work in the fields of peace and economics.
Sonny Mehta, the urbane and uncanny head of Alfred A. Knopf who raised one of the book world's top imprints to new heights through prize-winning literature by Toni Morrison among others has died at age 77
Polish writer Olga Tokarczuk won the 2018 Nobel Literature Prize while Austrian novelist and playwright Peter Handke took the 2019 award.
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