Germany to avoid recession in 2023 - GulfToday

Germany to avoid recession in 2023

A square in Tuebingen, Germany.  Reuters

A square in Tuebingen, Germany. Reuters

The German government has revised up its economic forecast with Europe’s largest economy now expected to narrowly avoid recession this year as inflation eases, according to its annual economic report published on Wednesday.

It said gross domestic product was forecast to grow by 0.2 per cent this year, up from the autumn forecast of a 0.4 per cent decline.

Inflation is seen at 6 per cent in 2023, down from the previous 7 per cent forecast, as energy prices ease following the initial shock of the energy crisis triggered by the Ukraine war.

“There are no signs of a significant recession, which many observers have long considered inevitable,” Economy Minister Robert Habeck said in the report.

While the energy crisis and central banks’ interest rate hikes are making the German government cautious for this year, Habeck said the crisis triggered by the Russian invasion of Ukraine was now manageable. “Germany has proven its resilience and has done very well economically,” he said. He added that the initially very pessimistic scenario, with a historic downturn feared in the event of a gas shortage, had been averted.

“Energy supplies remain secure and stable,” he said. But the task now is to become even more energetically independent, he said. German unemployment is seen at 5.4 per cent in 2023, slightly above the 5.3 per cent seen in 2022, the report said.

“Companies are also regaining confidence,” the Economy Ministry said.

On Wednesday, the closely watched ifo business climate index recovered further driven by considerably less pessimistic expectations.

Machinery equipment investment was also forecast to grow by 3.3 per cent in 2023, following 2.5 per cent growth the previous year, according to the government forecast.

Despite the improved outlook, headwinds remained. Export growth is expected to slow to 2.2 per cent this year after an increase of 3.2 per cent last year, the report said.

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