The photo has been used for illustrative purposes.
The dollar rose and key US, European and global stock indexes hovered near record highs on Friday as investors embraced the easy monetary policies of major central banks and their message that rising inflation will be transitory.
Also boosting sentiment in Europe was the European Central Bank on Thursday raising its growth and inflation projections, while it again pledged a steady flow of stimulus for now.
The ECB’s projections pushed the pan-regional STOXX Europe 600 index up 0.68% to an intraday high and record close at 457.64.
The MSCI world equity index, a global benchmark that tracks shares in 50 countries, hovered near breakeven, down 0.03%, after earlier setting a new intraday high.
Stocks on Wall Street also seesawed near breakeven as investors repositioned portfolios into tech stocks after they shrugged off data on Thursday that showed year-on-year inflation spiked to 5.0% in May, a jump viewed as being transitory.
Inflation data has alarmed many investors, but for the moment the reaction is stocks are still preferable to bonds in an inflationary environment, said Rick Meckler, partner at Cherry Lane Investments in New Vernon, New Jersey.
Investors are leaning into tech stocks because they don’t use raw materials and productivity rate is higher than other sectors, he said.
“There is a concern that eventually you could get some migration out of stocks into bonds. But right now we seem to be at that pre-tipping point where bonds don’t yield enough to scare people out of stocks,” Meckler said.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.17%, the S&P 500 slipped 0.01% and the Nasdaq Composite added 0.1%.
Overnight in Asia, MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan gained 0.3%.
Yields on 10-year US Treasury notes rose 0.6 basis points to 1.4653% after earlier declines that positioned the benchmark for its biggest weekly decline in a year.
Euro area bond yields followed Treasuries. Benchmark German 10-year bonds fell 3 basis points to -0.28% and were set for their best week of the year. Yields move inversely with prices.
Falling expectations that higher inflation could lead to early Fed tightening prompted a flattening of the US yield curve, with the spread between the 10-year and 2-year yield at its narrowest since late February on Friday.
Yields will likely move higher again as economies reopen from coronavirus lockdowns.
“We still think consumers are going to help prices higher, when these economies reopen properly, that people can start travelling again, spending again,” said Jeremy Gatto, investment manager at Unigestion. “We are going to get a further boost from the consumption side, and we therefore expect bond yields to move higher.”
The euro and sterling dipped against the dollar as investors bet interest rates would stay lower for longer in Europe.
The dollar index rose 0.57%, with the euro down 0.61% to $1.2095. The Japanese yen weakened 0.40% versus the greenback at 109.76 per dollar.
Oil prices rose to multi-year highs, heading for a third straight week of gains on the improved outlook for worldwide demand as rising vaccination rates lead to a lifting of pandemic curbs.
Brent crude futures rose 32 cents to $72.84 a barrel. US crude futures gained 60 cents to $70.89 a barrel.
(Copper rose on Friday, supported by a weaker dollar, while aluminium prices jumped in Shanghai on talks of a lower-than-expected sale of the metal from China.
Three-month copper on the London Metal Exchange rose 1.1% to $9,989.50 a tonne by 0735 GMT, while the most-traded July copper contract on the Shanghai Futures Exchange closed up 0.4% at 71,770 yuan ($11,230.56) a tonne. After a week of anxious waiting, markets got the high U.S. inflation number they dreaded, shrugged it off and moved on, leaving the U.S. dollar under pressure.
A softer dollar makes greenback-priced metals cheaper to holders of other currencies.
“We expect near-term stabilization after copper and aluminium, especially, reached fresh-new highs in May,” said Fitch Solutions analysts in a note.
“Nevertheless, there should be no collapse and prices will remain elevated compared to previous years, on the back of a weakening U.S. dollar, tight fundamentals and positive investor sentiment due to the ongoing global economic recovery.”
ShFE aluminium rose as much as 3.8% to 19,200 yuan a tonne, its highest since May 20, as latest market talks suggested Chinese authorities will release less aluminium than expected into the market.
Global stocks rose and the dollar dipped on Friday after US Federal Reserve officials said there would be no imminent move to tighten monetary policy in the world’s biggest economy.
Gold touched a one-week low on Thursday, as US Treasury yields rose and the dollar firmed after a bigger-than-expected rise in US consumer prices boosted bets for early interest rate hikes.
Dallas Federal Reserve President Robert Kaplan raised the prospect of a worrisome rise in US inflation expectations, as imbalances between supply and demand for labour and goods put upward pressure on prices.
Global stock markets moved higher on Friday after Thursday’s breakthrough in Washington talks to secure a bipartisan infrastructure deal, while oil prices headed toward a fifth consecutive weekly gain on hopes for demand growth.
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