Picture used for illustrative purpose.
Oil prices jumped more than 2% on Friday, hitting their highest in nearly 14 months after Opec and its allies agreed not to increase supply in April as they await a more substantial recovery in demand.
Brent crude futures were up $1.75, or 2.6%, at $68.49 a barrel by 1250 GMT and US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures climbed $1.49, or 2.3%, to $65.32 as both remained on track for weekly gains.
Both contracts surged more than 4% on Thursday after the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies, together known as Opec+, extended oil output curbs into April, granting small exemptions to Russia and Kazakhstan.
“Opec+ settled for a cautious approach ... opting to increase production by just 150,000 barrels per day (bpd) in April while market participants looked for an increase of 1.5 million bpd,” said UBS oil analyst Giovanni Staunovo.
Investors were surprised that Saudi Arabia had decided to maintain its voluntary cut of 1 million bpd through April even after the oil price rally of the past two months on the back of COVID-19 vaccination programmes around the globe.
“No additional supply from Opec in April means lower oil inventories not only in April but all through 2021 and into 2022 even if supply is added in May,” SEB chief commodity analyst Bjarne Schieldrop said.
“Price over volume is the name of the game for as long as they can.”
Analysts are reviewing their price forecasts to reflect the continued supply restraint by Opec+ as well as US shale producers, who are holding back spending to boost returns to investors.
Goldman Sachs raised its Brent crude price forecast by $5 to $75 a barrel in the second quarter and $80 a barrel in the third quarter of this year. UBS raised its Brent forecast to $75 a barrel and WTI to $72 in the second half of 2021.
Stock markets mostly extended losses on Friday after US Federal Reserve boss Jerome Powell failed to soothe fears of a surge in inflation which many warn could force the US central bank to hike interest rates earlier than previously thought.
That prospect pushed the dollar to three-month highs versus the euro on Friday even as it undermined shares.
Oil prices also struck fresh 14-month peaks above $68 per barrel following Thursday’s surprise decision by Opec and its major allies to maintain output cuts until April.
“The surge in oil prices... will have done little to stem the mounting alarm over rising prices,” noted AJ Bell investment director Russ Mould.
“We might be in a situation where the market is hoping for a weak US jobs number later (Friday) as this would help make the case for a loose monetary policy to be retained and perhaps (also) calm fears of the world’s largest economy overheating.”
China, the world’s second largest economy, said Friday it is targeting growth of more than six percent this year despite the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
Powell on Thursday reiterated that the Fed would not tighten policy until its goals of full employment and consistent inflation had been met -- and that was likely to be some time away.
As the economy recovers, he said, “you could see prices moving up” but those increases are likely to be transient “and (there) is a difference between a one-time surge in prices and ongoing inflation.”
Traders were also left disappointed that Powell did not indicate he would act to ease the recent rise in bond yields.
The yield on benchmark 10-year US Treasuries spiked back above 1.5 percent to a one-year high after his comments.
Yields rise as bond prices fall -- and investors are rushing out of them as inflation would eat into their returns.
“The market was seemingly looking for Powell to push back harder on the recent increase in yields,” said National Australia Bank’s Ray Attrill.
While the rollout of coronavirus vaccines, slowing infections, easing of lockdowns and an imminent new US stimulus are breathing life back into economies, investors are increasingly worried that ultra-loose monetary policies -- a key pillar of a year-long equity surge -- will be wound down if inflation spikes.
This has led to a sharp sell-off across world markets with the tech-rich Nasdaq on Thursday almost sinking into correction territory -- an accumulated 10 percent drop from recent highs -- after touching a record high last month.
US markets extended the week’s losses, with the Nasdaq down more than two percent -- tech firms being more sensitive to higher interest rates -- while the Dow and S&P 500 dropped more than one percent.
The selling pressure continued into Asia and much of Europe, although bargain-buying at the end of another volatile week pared the morning’s deep losses.
London even rose approaching the half-way mark, climbing around half-a-percent thanks to solid gains for heavyweight oil majors BP and Shell.
Oil prices rose on Tuesday as Opec+ sources said the producer group would stick to existing plans to boost oil output slightly from May 1, suggesting they do not see a lasting impact on demand from India’s coronavirus crisis.
Opec forecast on Thursday that world oil demand would rise in 2022 to reach a level similar to before the pandemic, led by growth in the United States, China and India.
The Opec and allied producing countries have confirmed plans to restore 2.1 million barrels of crude per day of oil output, balancing fears that continuing COVID-19 outbreaks in some countries
America’s employers added a sizzling 517,000 jobs in January, a surprisingly strong gain in the face of the Federal Reserve’s aggressive drive to slow growth and tame inflation with higher interest rates.
In an interview with CNN News 18, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman brushed off concerns that the losses would spook global investors and said India's financial market was "very well regulated.”
DP World has been awarded a concession to build and operate a mega-container terminal at Deendayal port in Gujarat, India. The terminal will have a 1,100-meter berth and will have a capacity of 2.19 million