Picture used for illustrative purpose.
The global oil market is rebalancing after damage to demand wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic was met with curbs on output by producers from the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec), the group’s president said on Tuesday.
“Crude prices are relatively stable ... we see a certain balance between demand and supply,” Opec president Diamantino Azevedo told Reuters in an interview.
“However, due to the pandemic situation the world is living through and with new waves arriving, we could have a situation of smaller demand due to confinements. Vaccination of the global population against COVID-19 will certainly increase demand”.
Opec other key exporters such as Russia, a grouping dubbed Opec+, meet on Thursday and are expected to discuss allowing as much as 1.5 million barrels per day (bpd) back into the market to address demand likely to be unlocked later in the year as vaccine programmes gather pace.
But Azevedo, Angola’s minister of Mineral Resources and Petroleum and who occupies Opec’s rotating presidency, warned that any worsening of the pandemic could lead producers to tamp down output.
“The production levels that were desirable at the time of the latest adjustment could naturally be affected downward due to ... the COVID-19 pandemic and its variants,” he added.
Oil prices were steady on Tuesday before this week’s Opec+ meeting where producers are expected to ease supply curbs as economies start to slowly recover from the coronavirus crisis.
Opec Secretary General Mohammad Barkindo said the outlook for oil demand was looking more positive, particularly in Asia, and headwinds from last year continued to abate.
Brent crude was little changed at $63.66 a barrel by 1350 GMT, after easing back from last week’s more than one-year peak above $67. US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) was also barely changed at $60.67, also down from last week’s high.
Prices slipped after a recent rally on expectations that the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies, a group known as Opec+, would add more oil to the market from April as they ease back on last year’s deep supply cuts.
“With the speculative market heavily long, the past three sessions’ falls look corrective ahead of Thursday’s meeting,” said Jeffrey Halley, market analyst at OANDA.
Opec+, which meets on Thursday, could discuss allowing as much as 1.5 million barrels per day (bpd) back into the market.
Opec oil output fell in February as a voluntary cut by Saudi Arabia added to reductions agreed to in a previous OPEC+ pact, a Reuters survey found, ending a run of seven consecutive monthly increases.
In Asia, China’s factory activity growth slipped to a nine-month low in February, which could curtail Chinese crude demand. Oil buying by the world’s top importer has recently eased.
“There are signs that the physical market is not as tight as futures markets suggest,” ING Economics said in a note.
The Canadian dollar edged higher against its US counterpart on Tuesday, adding to the previous day’s rally as oil prices rose and domestic data showed faster-than-expected economic growth.
Canada’s economy grew at an annualized rate of 9.6% in the fourth quarter, beating analyst expectations of 7.5%, Statistics Canada data showed on Tuesday, with GDP expected to climb 0.5% in January. The price of oil, one of Canada’s major exports, rose before this week’s OPEC+ meeting where producers are expected to ease supply curbs as economies start to slowly recover from the coronavirus crisis. U.S. crude prices rose 0.9% to $61.18 a barrel, while the Canadian dollar was trading 0.1% higher at 1.2638 to the greenback, or 79.13 U.S. cents.
On Monday, the loonie strengthened 0.7%, its biggest gain in nearly six weeks, as pressure on stocks due to the recent jump in bond yields faded. Global stock markets paused on Tuesday as investors sought to guess the bond market’s next move.
Canadian government bond yields were higher across a steeper curve, with the 10-year up 3.5 basis points at 1.377%. On Friday, it touched its highest intraday since January last year at 1.501%.
Oil prices rose more than $1 per barrel on Thursday after Saudi Energy Minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman urged caution and vigilance at the beginning of a meeting of Opec ministers and their allies about the future of supply cuts.
Oil prices jumped more than 2% on Friday, hitting their highest in nearly 14 months after Opec and its allies agreed not to increase supply in April as they await a more substantial recovery in demand.
Oil prices rose on Thursday on optimism about U.S and European economic recoveries and expectations OPEC and its allies will keep production curbs in place.
Oil prices rose on Tuesday as Opec+ sources said the producer group would stick to existing plans to boost oil output slightly from May 1, suggesting they do not see a lasting impact on demand from India’s coronavirus crisis.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Friday slashed its US economic growth forecast as aggressive Federal Reserve interest rate hikes cool demand but predicted that the United States would “narrowly” avoid a recession.
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