Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York City. File/AFP
Asian markets mostly fell on Tuesday as traders took a step back after their latest rally, with a run of upbeat economic data offset by fears over a spike in new virus infections.
While several countries are suffering a fresh surge in infections — particularly the United States — the ongoing easing of lockdown measures and reopening of economies has been the key driver of a months-long surge across equities.
After the latest advances, which saw Shanghai hit a two-year high and the Nasdaq on Wall Street end at another record, dealers stepped back and took profits.
There was also some trepidation on trading floors after Donald Trump's top infectious diseases expert warned the US was still "knee-deep" in its first wave of coronavirus infections.
Anthony Fauci said the country was in "a serious situation that we have to address immediately".
That came as several states reported new daily records for new cases, with some reimposing lockdowns.
On Tuesday, Australian authorities said more than five million residents of Melbourne, the country's second-biggest city, will be locked down for six weeks after virus cases surged.
Hong Kong shed 1.4 percent after climbing more than eight percent over the previous four trading days, while Tokyo, Seoul, Singapore, Taipei and Manila were also in negative territory.
Sydney and Jakarta were flat, while London, Paris and Frankfurt were all down in the morning as the European Union forecast a massive contraction in the eurozone economy this year.
But Shanghai rose 0.4 percent, having surged almost six percent Monday as retail investors piled back into the market.
Observers also pointed to an editorial in the China Securities Times on Monday that said fostering a "bull market" after the virus crisis was crucial to kick-starting the world's number two economy.
The composite index has risen more than 10 percent in just over a week, though there are worries about another bubble similar to the one that burst four years ago and sparked a global rout.
More gains to come?
"China's army of retail investors seem to be perfectly able to look through the worrying Western media headlines of another global coronavirus record," said AxiCorp's Stephen Innes.
"Instead, they are listening to the enthusiastic chorus from the nation's influential state media, which are universally singing bullish from the same song page."
He cited reports saying there had been a recent surge in new brokerage account openings.
Wellington, Mumbai and Bangkok also rose.
Traders have for weeks been trying to balance the reopening of economies with worries about the disease as it continues its march across the planet.
On Monday there was more positive data, with an index of the US service sector -- which makes up the vast majority of the economy -- seeing its biggest-ever jump in June to beat forecasts.
"Investors have recognised that as bad as the economy in the US is, it's not as bad as what people thought it would look like in March and April," said Nancy Prial at Essex Investment Management.
"The market has started to sense we might see better-than-anticipated results fairly broadly across a wide spread of companies."
In a sign that the reporting season could be positive, Samsung Electronics said Tuesday it expects to see operating profit jump 23 percent in the second quarter, which is much better than the single-digit fall that analysts had forecast.
The firm appears to have benefited as lockdowns boosted its chip business with data centres moving to stockpile DRAM chips to meet surging demand for online activities.
Key figures around 0810 GMT
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: DOWN 0.4 percent at 22,614.69 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: DOWN 1.4 percent at 25,975.66 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: UP 0.4 percent at 2,245.34 (close)
London - FTSE 100: DOWN 0.8 percent at 6,234.63
West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 1.4 percent at $40.07 per barrel
Brent North Sea crude: DOWN 1.2 percent at $42.58
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.1285 from $1.1308 at 2100 GMT
Dollar/yen: UP at 107.57 yen from 107.39 yen
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.2480 from $1.2489
Euro/pound: DOWN at 90.44 pence from 90.53 pence
New York - Dow: UP 1.8 percent at 26,287.03 (close)
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"Not only have we effectively safeguarded the health and wellbeing of citizens and residents, we have also weathered the economic impact of the crisis. Thanks to the vision of our founding fathers, combined with our robust institutions and public services, have enabled us to counter the COVID-19 challenge'
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