Container ships seen at the port of Hamburg, Germany. Reuters
Germany’s exports fell by 11.8% in March, their steepest drop since current records began in 1990, as the coronavirus crisis reduced demand for goods from Europe’s biggest economy, the Federal Statistics Office said on Friday.
Seasonally adjusted imports fell by 5.1% and the trade surplus narrowed to 12.8 billion euros ($13.88 billion) from a downwardly revised 21.4 billion euros in February, the office said.
Lockdown and social distancing measures introduced in mid-March have curtailed household spending expectations even as Germany starts to gradually reopen its economy.
Economists polled by Reuters had expected exports to fall by 5% and imports by 4%. The trade surplus was expected to come in at 18.9 billion euros.
The German government expects the economy, which depends on exports, to shrink by a post-World War Two record of 6.3% despite a massive rescue package of 750 billion euros to cushion the impact of the pandemic.
Economists expect any recovery to be slow and the pace to largely depend on how fast Germany’s European neighbours and other trade partners like China and the United States emerge from the crisis.
“The interdependence of the global economy will be disastrous for the export sector during the coronavirus crisis,” Alexander Krueger of Bankhaus Lampe wrote in a note, adding that the worst was still to come.
Friday’s trade figures were the latest data to offer a gloomy outlook for Germany, which had been in its 11th straight year of growth before the outbreak.
Both industrial orders and output posted record drops in March, data published earlier this week showed.
Germany’s export-oriented manufacturers had been struggling with weak demand set off by trade frictions that preceded the coronavirus crisis, leaving the economy to rely on consumption and state spending for growth.
A survey by the GfK institute on Friday showed that a third of Germans plan to spend less and 33% believe their financial situation will worsen in the next 12 months.
That bodes ill for the prospects of a consumption-driven recovery.
“The new ‘normal’ will be marked by a difficult economic situation and tight consumer budgets,” said Petra Sueptitz of GfK. “Retailers and manufacturers must adjust to this.”
A separate survey by the DIHK Chambers of Commerce found that 60% of Germany’s companies are suffering from reduced demand and 80% expect revenues to fall this year.
The DIHK’s Volker Treier said that one silver lining of the crisis could be a detente in the trade conflict between China and the United States, which would benefit German companies present in both countries.
“We are sliding into a global economic crisis,” said Treier. “We expect German exports to fall by at least 15% this year.”
Orders for German industrial goods fell in March at their steepest rate since records began in 1991 as demand collapsed due to the coronavirus epidemic, and prospects of a swift recovery in Europe’s biggest economy look bleak.
Germany is facing its deepest recession since World War Two even though a lockdown that has shuttered shops, businesses and factories is being gradually eased.
Foreign and domestic orders for goods slumped 15.6% on the month, Wednesday’s Statistics Office figures showed, far worse than the 10.0% drop forecast in a Reuters poll of analysts.
Blaming the fall on the global economic shock of the virus and steps taken to slow its spread, the economy ministry dampened hopes of a quick pickup.
“It is to be expected that (industrial) production will decline sharply from March onwards due to the coronavirus,” the ministry said.
Thomas Gitzel, Chief Economist at VP Bank Group, said the scale of the slump did not bode well. “Even during the financial market crisis, orders did not collapse as sharply,” he said.
Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government has tried to mitigate the impact of the crisis with a range of steps, including a 750 billion euro stimulus package, and a short-time work subsidy scheme that lets employers move staff to shorter hours and keep them on the payroll rather than laying them off.
Demand for capital goods was hit particularly hard in March, falling 22.6% while orders for consumer goods dipped 1.3%.
Economist Andreas Scheuerle at Dekabank said the figures did not show the full extent of the collapse, as the drop in new orders would be accompanied by a wave of cancellations.
However, he also noted that March suffered the double impact of the late effects of the epidemic in China and the start of lockdowns in Europe.
Germany's interior minister rebuffed Chancellor Angela Merkel's attempt to shake hands with him as the number of novel coronavirus cases in the country rose to 150.
German exports posted their biggest rise in almost two years in September, an official data showed, providing some relief amid widespread concerns that Europe’s largest economy will dip into recession in the third quarter.
German exports to China fell by 6.5 per cent on the year in January and the Federal Statistics Office said the drop could not yet be linked to the coronavirus, as the looming impact of the epidemic threatens to tip Europe’s largest economy into recession.
Prime Minister Hassan Diab said Lebanon would suspend all trips to and from Italy, South Korea, Iran and China, the hardest hit countries. It would also stop arrivals from France, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom, he said.
The key Nikkei 225 index fell 0.44 percent, or 99.75 points, to 22,614.69 while the broader Topix index was down 0.34 percent, or 5.44 points, at 1,571.71.
Stock markets rallied on Monday, with fresh signs of economic recovery resonating with investors more than a surge in coronavirus infections worldwide.
Effective 12th July, 2020, the Central Bank of the UAE, CBUAE, will introduce a new deposit facility named Overnight Deposit Facility (ODF), which will enable conventional banks operating in the UAE to deposit their surplus liquidity at CBUAE on an overnight basis.
Pushing ahead its agenda of creating a holistic, development-oriented environment for the UAE’s entrepreneurial community amid the socioeconomic economic challenges brought on by the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the Sharjah Entrepreneurship