‘Upswing at an end’ as German institutes slash growth forecast - GulfToday

‘Upswing at an end’ as German institutes slash growth forecast


Cars wait to be shipped at the harbour in Bremerhaven, nothern Germany. Agence France-Presse

BERLIN: Germany’s leading economic institutes slashed their forecasts for 2019 growth by more than half on Thursday and warned that the economy — Europe’s largest — could slow much more if Britain quits the European Union without an agreement.

Industrial orders in Germany fell by the biggest margin in more than two years in February, slumping 4.2 per cent, highlighting the extent of the slowdown amid global trade disputes and the risk of a no-deal Brexit, which could happen at the end of next week.

The institutes cut their overall growth forecast for this year to 0.8 per cent from a previous 1.9 per cent and said risks had increased since the autumn.

They pointed to Britain’s expected departure from the EU and trade conflict between the United States and China, triggered by US President Donald Trump’s ‘America First’ stance.

Germany is in its 10th year of economic expansion, but with growth slowing, Oliver Holtemoeller, one of the economists involved in the institutes’ report, warned: “The long-term upswing of the German economy has come to an end.”

Long the euro zone’s economic powerhouse, Germany narrowly skirted a recession at the end of last year and posted its weakest growth in five years in 2018 as its export-orientated economy is slowed by the trade and Brexit headwinds.

Chancellor Angela Merkel has repeatedly said she will “fight until the last minute” for an orderly Brexit. She is using a trip to Ireland on Thursday to consider how to prevent a no-deal “hard Brexit”.

Germany’s slower-than-previously-expected growth means Finance Minister Olaf Scholz’s fiscal room for manoeuvre is getting tighter as tax revenues are likely to come in lower than expected this year.

Last month, the cabinet passed a draft budget for 2020 that calls for a 1.7 per cent spending increase and relies on ministries to cut costs to avoid incurring new debt in light of the slowdown.

The tighter public finances - after years of budget surpluses routinely exceeding expectations - are starting to raise tensions over spending priorities in Merkel’s awkward grand coalition, senior party officials say.

Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen said last month the ministry would have to fight next year to ensure that defence spending continues to expand as a share of the overall economy to move towards the NATO target of 2 per cent of economic output. The institutes’ forecasts were completed by March 29, the date Britain was originally due to leave the EU, when the institutes assumed it would not quit without an agreement on the terms. The deadline has since been extended to April 12.

Their estimates feed into the government’s own growth projections, which will be updated later this month. In January, the government forecast growth of 1.0 per cent for this year.

Economy Minister Peter Altmaier said the slowdown in Germany seen in the second half of 2018 would be overcome during the course of this year and replaced by an economic upswing.

Officials are hopeful that once global trade disputes and Brexit are resolved, growth can pick up next year.

The drop in orders in February was marked by a slump in foreign demand, data from the Economy Ministry showed.

“Awful new-order data suggests that German industry is still suffering from Brexit woes and global uncertainties,” said ING economist Carsten Brzeski.

Meanwhile the Germany’s benchmark 10-year bond yield slipped to just below zero per cent on Thursday, as more signs of weakness in Europe’s biggest economy offset optimism about U.S.-China trade talks and a softer Brexit.

After notching up the biggest monthly declines in almost three years in March, German Bund yields rose at the start of April as global economic data improved and discussions between the world’s two biggest economies on trade appeared to be making headway. Thursday saw a note of caution return.

German industrial orders fell unexpectedly in February, registering their biggest drop in more than two years, data showed.

Germany’s leading economic institutes, meanwhile, slashed their 2019 growth forecast for Europe’s biggest economy to 0.8 per cent from 1.9 per cent and warned growth could be much lower still if Britain quits the European Union with no agreement.

Germany’s 10-year Bund yield was minus 0.008 per cent. It had jumped five basis points on Wednesday, its biggest one-day rise since mid-January.

“We had argued that negative 10-year Bund yields could only be rationalised by extreme angst,” said Benjamin Schroeder, ING’s senior rates strategist. “Some of that angst has been lifted over the course of the past few days by a slew of positive headlines leaving the 10-year Bund yield around zero again.” Most eurozone bond yields were lower on the day.


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