Migrant workers sort fish and seafood at a port in Samut Sakhon, Thailand. File photo/ Reuters
Ten thousand people would need to be freed every day to eliminate modern slavery over the next decade, according to research on Wednesday showing countries making little or no progress in efforts to end forced labor.
Less than half of countries rank forced labor as a crime and most do not regard forced marriage as a crime, said the report by the Walk Free Foundation, an Australia-based anti-slavery group.
More than 40 million people have been estimated to be captive in modern slavery, which includes forced labor and forced marriage, according to Walk Free and the International Labour Organisation.
Ending modern slavery by 2030 was one of the global goals adopted unanimously by members of the United Nations four years ago.
But at today’s rate, achieving that goal is “impossible,” the report said. It would require freeing some 10,000 people each day for the next decade, it said.
“At current progress, we will not be able to eradicate modern slavery by 2030,” Katharine Bryant, research manager at Walk Free, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
The group assessed 183 governments on such factors as the identification of slavery survivors, criminal justice, support systems and efforts to clean up supply chains.
The worst countries for modern slavery were North Korea and Eritrea, where governments are complicit in forced labor, the report said.
It singled out Libya, Iran, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo, Russia and Somalia for lack of action on ending slavery.
Wealthy countries that have taken little action were Qatar, Singapore, Kuwait, Brunei, Hong Kong and Russia, it said.
Some countries have slowed or slipped backward in their efforts by reducing the number of victims identified, decreasing anti-slavery funding or cutting back on support systems, the report said.
While an estimated 16 million people are trapped in forced labor, only 40 countries have investigated public or business supply chains to look at such exploitation, the report said.
In nearly 100 countries, forced labor is not considered a crime or is a minor offense, it said. About a third of countries ban forced marriage.
On the other hand, Georgia, Nigeria, Ukraine, Moldova, Ethiopia and Mozambique were notable for taking steps to end modern slavery despite their limited resources, it said.
Walk Free called on governments to measure the extent of slavery within their countries as a necessary step toward eradication.
“Ten thousand a day is massive, but a government can eradicate slavery by the hundreds of thousands in strokes,” said Andrew Forrest, founder of Walk Free.
North Koreans are forced to pay bribes to officials to survive in their isolated country, where corruption is “endemic” and repression rife, the United Nations human rights office said on Tuesday.
Europe and North America have absorbed the largest share of the world's 272 million migrants, a population that has grown by 23 per cent over the past decade, according to a UN report.
In an effort to share its pioneering experience with the world, the Hamdan Bin Mohammed Smart University (HBMSU), showcased its “Global Benchmarking Framework and Data Set for Online, Open, Smart and Technology-enhanced Higher Education” while participating in the UnescoMobile Learning Week 2019, held recently in Paris.
Mahani-1 well was drilled at a total depth of 14,597 feet, which resulted in the discovery of gas with the associated capacitors in the formation of the Thumama.
China on Monday expanded sweeping efforts to contain a viral disease by extending the Lunar New Year holiday to keep the public at home and avoid spreading infection.
The Dubai Criminal Court have sentenced a 28-year-old foreman, Asian, to three months imprisonment and deportation, after stealing two diamond rings from a villa while supervising a group of workers.