Katie Bouman reacts to the image of black hole. Facebook
Anonymous to the public just days ago, a US computer scientist named Katie Bouman has become an overnight sensation due to her role in developing a computer algorithm that allowed researchers to take the world's first image of a Black hole.
"I'm so excited that we finally get to share what we have been working on for the past year!" the 29 year-old Bouman, a postdoctoral researcher at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, gushed on her Facebook account Wednesday after the image was published.
The term "Black hole" refers to a point in space where matter is so compressed that it creates a gravity field from which even light cannot escape. The massive Black hole in the photo released Wednesday is 55 million light years away at the center of a galaxy known as M87.
While the existence of Black holes have been long known, the phenomenon proved impossible to witness.
In 2016, Bouman developed an algorithm named CHIRP to sift through a true mountain of data gathered by the Event Horizon Telescope project from telescopes around the world to create an image.
The volume of data -- several petabytes (several million billion bytes) -- was contained in a mountain of computer hard drives weighing several hundred pounds that had to be physically transported to the Haystack Observatory in Westford, Massachusetts, operated by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
To guarantee the accuracy of the image, the Harvard-Smithsonian Astrophysics Center, operated by Harvard University, gave the data to four different teams. Each team independently used the algorithm to obtain an image.
After a month of work, the four groups presented their results to the other teams.
"That was the happiest moment I've ever had [when] I saw all the other teams had images that were very similar, with the lower half brighter than the top half. It was amazing to see everyone got that," Bouman told The Wall Street Journal.
"No one algorithm or person made this image," wrote Bouman, who in the fall will begin work as an assistant professor at the California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech).
"It required the amazing talent of a team of scientists from around the globe and years of hard work to develop the instrument, data processing, imaging methods, and analysis techniques that were necessary to pull off this seemingly impossible feat," she said on Facebook.
"It has been truly an honor, and I am so lucky to have had the opportunity to work with you all."
NASA have made it clear they want astronauts back on the Moon in 2024, and now, they are zeroing in on the Red Planet -- the US space agency confirmed that it wants humans to reach Mars by 2033.
NASA's Mars Helicopter has successfully completed a series of tests and is ready to take flight over the Red Planet, the US space agency said. "The next time we fly, we fly on Mars," MiMi Aung, Project Manager for Mars Helicopter at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, said in a statement.
“There should be at least a few dozen active civilisations in our galaxy under the assumption that it takes 5 billion years for intelligent life to form on other planets, as on Earth,” a researcher from the University of Nottingham has stated.
The campaign will run over the course of next 10 days with specific procedures and conditions.
Ahmed Al Khadim confirmed that the field hospital was established with a capacity of 450 beds to relieve hospitals in the city and areas of the eastern coast are accommodate simple and medium cases of people infected with the coronavirus.
Tourists and visitors coming to Dubai from July 7 must complete five steps to enter the emirate. They must check if an entry visa is required or not, book a flight, have travel insurance that covers COVID-19 or bear treatment and isolation costs, apply for a PCR test in the tourist’s home country 96 hours before travel or make the test upon arrival in Dubai.