Japan's Finance Minister Taro Aso attends the G20 Finance and Central Bank Deputies Meeting in Tokyo. File photo/Reuters
Japan called on Group of 20 counterparts to strengthen coordination to address potential risks to the world economy, as simmering trade tensions and China’s slowdown cloud the global growth outlook.
As chair of this year’s gathering of G20 major economies, Japan wants to deepen talks on global imbalances - an effort to divert Washington’s attention from bilateral trade imbalances and stave off US pressure to negotiate two-way trade deals.
“I told my G20 counterparts that the group must act with the spirit of global coordination,” Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso told reporters on Thursday after a dinner of G20 finance leaders.
“I explained that global coordination must be strengthened to address the various problems we face,” Aso said.
A Japanese finance ministry official said the G20 was an ideal platform for discussing global imbalances.
“There was no disapproval to the argument that to address imbalances, global policy coordination was crucial,” the official said.
Protectionism and trade tensions have hurt business sentiment, and were among factors the International Monetary Fund identified as risks in cutting its global economic forecasts.
US President Donald Trump has distanced Washington from multilaterialism and prefers bilateral trade negotiations over a multilateral approach.
G20 finance leaders will debate topics Japan proposed, including global imbalances and steps to deal with demographic challenges, on Friday. They will not issue a communique after the meeting, the Japanese official said.
The G20 gathering comes before the first round of trade talks between Japan and the United States in Washington on April 15-16.
Trump has made clear he is unhappy with Japan’s $69 billion trade surplus with the United States - nearly two-thirds of it from auto exports - and wants a two-way agreement to address it.
Aso, among the longest-serving G20 finance ministers, also warned against complacency on US-China trade negotiations, saying that narrowing fundamental differences won’t be easy.
“I don’t think they can reach a conclusion so easily,” Aso said. “It will take a long time.”
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Policymakers from the Group of 20 industrialised countries are worried that the weakness evident in key economies could spread, especially if elevated trade tensions, such as those between the United States and China, escalate further.
US President Donald Trump urged Japanese business leaders on Saturday to increase their investment in the United States while he chided Japan for having a “substantial edge”on trade that negotiators were trying to even out in a bilateral deal.
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